2,4-D ester plus Florasulam
|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|VORTEX HERBICIDE||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||SUSPOEMULSION|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: 2,4-D LV ester 300g/L+ Florasulam 6.25g/L4 CHEMICAL GROUP: I,B
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:
|2,4-D amine 500||2,4-D Amine 500g/L|
|2,4-D amine 625||2,4-D Amine 625g/L|
|2,4-D amine plus Dicamba||2,4-D 250gL + dicamba 100g/L|
|2,4-D ester 800||2,4-D Ester 800g/L|
|2,4-D ester plus Garlon||2,4-D ester 530g/L + triclopyr 200g/L|
|2,4-D LV ester 600||2,4-D LV ester 600-680g/L|
|2,4-DB 400||2,4-DB 400g/L|
|2,4-DB 500||2,4-DB 500g/L|
|2,4-DB plus MCPA||2,4-DB 200g/L + MCPA 250g/L|
|Access||Picloram 120g/L + triclopyr 240g/L|
|Crusader||Pyroxsulam 30g/L + cloquintocet-mexyl 90g/L|
|Dicamba 200||Dicamba 200|
|Dicamba 25 plus MCPA 150||Dicamba 25g/L + MCPA 150g/L|
|Dicamba 500||Dicamba 500g/L|
|Dicamba 700||Dicamba 700g/kg (or 750 g/kg)|
|Dicamba plus MCPA||Dicamba 80g/L + MCPA 340g/L|
|Express||Tribenuron methyl 750g/kg|
|FallowBoss||2,4-Dam 300g/L+Aminopyralid 7.5g/L+picloram 75g/L|
|Garlon 600||Triclopyr 600g/L|
|Grazon Extra||Aminopyralid 8g/L+picloram 100g/L+triclopyr 300g/L|
|Harmony M||Metsulfuron 68g/kg + thifensulfuron-methyl 682g/kg|
|Hotshot||Aminopyralid salt 10g/L + fluroxypyr-meptyl 140g/L|
|Imazapic plus Imazapyr||Imazapic 525 + Imazapyr 175g/L|
|Imazapyr||Imazapyr 250g/L or 750g/kg|
|Intervix||Imazamox 33g/L + imazapyr 15g/L|
|Iodosulfuron 100||Iodosulfuron 100g/kg|
|Iodosulfuron plus mefenpyr||Iodosulfuron 100g/L + mefenpyr|
|Lightning||Imazapyr 175g/L + imazethapyr 525g/L|
|Logran 750||Triasulfuron 750g/kg|
|Lontrel 750||Clopyralid 750g/kg|
|MCPA amine||MCPA 500-750g/L|
|MCPA LVE||MCPA LV ester 500g/L (or570)|
|MCPB 400||MCPB 400g/L|
|Mesosulfuron 30||Mesosulfuron 30g/L|
|Picloram plus Triclopyr||Picloram 100g/L + triclopyr 300g/L|
|Raptor WG 700||Imazamox 700 g/kg|
|Spinnaker||Imazethapyr 700g/kg or 240g/L|
|Starane 200||Fluroxypyr 200-400g/L|
|Tordon 242||MCPA 420g/L + picloram 26g/L|
|Tordon 75-D||2,4-D 300g/L + picloram 75g/L|
|Tordon DS||Picloram amine 100g/L + triclopyr amine 200g/L|
|Tordon RegrowthMaster||Aminopyralid 25g/L+picloram100g/L+triclopyr 200g/L|
|Tri-kombi||24D Ester 800g/L + Dicamba 40g/L + Mecoprop 336g/L|
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:A post emergence, leaf absorbed, non-residual agricultural herbicide applied as a spray in water for the control of broadleaved weeds in cereals.
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Best results when applied in fine mild weather on young actively growing plants.
Avoid spraying if rain expected in 3 hours as poor weed control may occur.
Avoid spraying if heavy rain expected within 48 hours as crop damage may occur.
Use Uptake at 0.5% or other spray oil.
Use a wetting agent if tank mixed with metsulfuron.
Allow a 10 m downwind buffer near water bodies and a 60 m downwind buffer near native vegetation.
Avoid drift onto susceptible crops like grapes, oilseeds, tomatoes and ornamentals as this contains a hormone herbicide.
Use a coarse spray quality to reduce the risk of drift.
Avoid spraying during temperature inversions.
Shake containers before use as the product may settle in storage.
8 WEATHER:Rainfast in 3 hours. Heavy rain within 48 hours of application may lead to crop damage.
Frost effects: Poorer results on frosted plants.
Inversions: Don't apply in inversion conditions as significant drift may occur.
Temperature: Not affected much by temperature.
Soil moisture at application: Best results when soil is moist.
9 ADJUVANTS:Wetting agents: Use a non-ionic wetter if tank mixed with metsulfuron.
Spray oils: Use a spray oil at 0.5% unless contra indicated by partner herbicides.
10 WATER QUALITY:Hard water: May cause separation of the active ingredients (do a jar test).
Salty water: May cause separation of the active ingredients (do a jar test).
Tank life: Keep agitated.
11 COMPATIBILITY:Trace elements. Some chemicals (acids, bases and oxidisers) may cause phase separation (do a jar test).
See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.
12 EQUIPMENT:Boom sprays:
Carrier volume: 50-100 L/ha. Use at least 80 L/ha if applying as a coarse spray.
Nozzles: Flat fan. Producing a coarse quality spray (ASABE standard s-572) recommended on label to reduce the risk of drift.
Pressure: 150-400 kPa.
13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:Clean Up:
Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove.
Remove filters and clean separately. Rinse with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Rinse with water.
Remove filters and clean then soak in 500 mL household ammonia in 10 L water for 30 minutes.
Rinse sprayer with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Fill with 1% solution of ammonia and leave for several hours. Triple rinse with water. Or use a commercial spray tank and equipment cleaner.
Rinse nozzles and filters in water and replace.
Don't use chlorine based cleaners.
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.
15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:
|Bean; Faba||9 months|
|Pea; Field||9 months|
|All other crops||Can be grown in the following season.|
16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
|Other crops||Grazing||7 days|
No restrictions on the use of straw. Doesn't bind to straw.
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.
18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.
19 SOIL:Soil texture: No specific effect.
Soil pH: Product may be more active on high pH (limestone) soils.
Soil organic matter: No specific effect.
20 MODE OF ACTION:2,4-D component disrupts plant cell growth. Florasulam inhibits the acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme which inhibits fat or lipid synthesis.
Uptake and translocation:Foliar absorbed. Some root absorption especially if heavy rain follows application and/or on alkaline soils. Translocated in phloem and xylem.
Physiological effects:Residual Life and Breakdown:
Breakdown is mainly by microbial processes.
Rapidly metabolised in tolerant plants.
21 SELECTIVITY:Tolerant plants rapidly metabolise florasulam and 2,4-D which reduces the residue levels.
Crop tolerance:Slight transient yellowing and some crop retardation may occur but this rarely affects grain yield. Symptoms are usually most evident 7-14 days after application.
Varietal sensitivities:Effect on Clover Species:
Effect on Medic Species:Kills medics.
Effect on Lucerne:Kills seedling lucerne, damages established lucerne.
Effect on Native Plants:Allow a 60 m downwind buffer near native vegetation.
22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:Crops affected by disease are more likely to be damaged.
23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:Susceptible plants stop growing soon after application. Complete death may take several weeks and 4-6 weeks for some species.
SECONDARY EFFECTS:24 TOXICITY:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause eye and skin irritation. May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Repeated exposure may cause allergic disorders.
2,4-D ester is generally of low toxicity to mammals, birds and bees. It can be highly toxic to some aquatic organisms.
Details:SUSMP classification (Poison schedule): S6.
Mammalian toxicity: Low-moderate.
Acute oral LD50 - 720-982 mg/kg (rats, 2,4-D 2EHE)
Acute oral LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat).
Skin: May cause skin irritation with local redness. Prolonged contact may cause skin sensitisation.
Eye: May cause slight temporary irritation.
Vapour inhalation: LC50 >5 mg/L air (rat).
Not carcinogenic or mutagenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer). Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI): 0.01 mg/kg/day for 2,4-D as the 2-ethylhexyl ester.
Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL 1 mg/kg for two years.
Chronic effects: Repeated absorption of large amounts of 2,4-D may damage the liver and kidneys.
Effects on the kidney have been reported for florasulam in animal tests.
Other Species:Highly toxic to algae and aquatic organisms.
Birds: Not toxic. LD50 >663 mg/kg (Mallard Ducks)
Fish: Moderate toxicity. LC50 (96 hour) >0.24 on inland silverside to 20 mg/L on bluegill sunfish for 2,4-D 2EHE technical.
Invertebrates: Moderate toxicity. EC50 (48 hour) 5.2 mg/L (Daphnia magna) for 2,4-D 2EHE technical.
Bees: Not toxic. LD50 >100 ug/bee.
Algae: Low toxicity. EC50 (120 hour) >30 mg/L on Selenastrum capricornutum for 2,4-D EHE technical .
Birds: Slightly toxic. LD50 501-2000 mg/kg. Practically non in diet with an LC50 >5000 ppm.
Fish: High toxicity LC50 <1 mg/L.
Invertebrates: High toxicity. Daphnia: EC50 >100mg/L
Aquatic plants: High toxicity EC50 (mg/L): < 1.00 mg/L; 7 days (Lemna gibba)
Bees: Not toxic.
Algae: Toxic. EC50 3.3mg/L (growth rate)
Accumulation: No bioaccumulation.
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:26 FIRST AID:
If SWALLOWED: Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse mouth then sip a glass of water.
If in EYES: No effects expected. If irritation occurs then irrigate with plenty of water, then remove contact lenses and irrigate some more.
If on SKIN: Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.
If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. Give artificial respiration if patient is not breathing and call an ambulance. If irritation becomes painful or persists more than 30 minutes, seek medical advice.
Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically.
Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:Half life in soil: Short.
2,4-D-EHE: Half-life < 1 day
Florasulam: Half-life < 5 days
Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.
2,4-D-EHE: Rapidly hydrolysed in soil and water to the parent acid.
It is recorded as mobile but not persistent
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination: Florasulam and 2,4-D is not expected to leach to ground water
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Hydrolysis half life:
Bioconcentration potential is high BCF <100 for 2,4-D.
Bioconcentration potential is low BCF <100 for florasulam.
28 REGISTERED CROPS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
29 REGISTERED WEEDS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:APVMA number: 62318/20/0209
UN number: 3082
CAS numbers: 2,4-D (as the 2-ethylhexyl ester) 1928-43-4.
OPP Chemical Code:
Hazchem code: 2X.
SWA classification: Hazardous.
SWA exposure limit: TWA 10 mg/m3
Dangerous goods class (ADG): Not classified as a dangerous good.
Proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. LIQUID. N.O.S. (contains florasulam and 2,4-D 2 ethyl hexyl ester).
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG):
Packaging group: III.
R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S2, S23, S26, S28, S46, S51, S60, S24/25, S36/37.
Keep out of reach of children.
Do not breathe vapours or spray mists.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre.
After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of soap and water.
If swallowed, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately and show this SDS or label.
Use only in well ventilated areas.
This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
31 PROPERTIES:Colour: White opaque liquid.
CAS: 2,4-D (as the 2-ethylhexyl ester) 1928-43-4. Florasulam 145701-23-1.
Water solubility: Emulsifies
Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = 5.78 for 2,4-D 2-EHE. <3 for florasulam
Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc): 31.2-470.9 mL/g for 2,4-D 2-EHE.
Vapour Pressure: at 25 C.
Dissociation constant: pKa
Melting point: C.
Boiling point: C.
Bulk density: 1.055-1.085 g/mL.
Specific gravity: 1.055-1.085 g/mL.
Viscosity: 525 m2/s at 400C
Flammability: Combustible. Class C1. Not flammable.
Shelf Life: years.
(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)
Thermally stable at normal temperatures. Active ingredient decomposes at elevated temperatures. It can coagulate if frozen.
32 SPILLS:Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material.
Wash area with water and detergent.
33 FIRE:Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.
Product will not burn until water has evaporated then dry residue may burn.
34 COMMENTS:35 REFERENCES:
Adama (2017) Vortex label.
Adama (2015) Vortex SDS.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.