ACEPHATE 970

1_Trade_NameManufacturerForm
FARMALINX SUBMARINE 970 SG INSECTICIDEFARMALINX PTY LTDWATER SOLUBLE GRANULES
IVORYCHEM ACEPHATE 970 SG INSECTICIDEIVORYCHEM AUSTRALIA PTY LTDWATER SOLUBLE GRANULES
LANCER 970 INSECTICIDEUPL AUSTRALIA LIMITEDGRANULAR FORMULATION
ORTHENE XTRA INSECTICIDEARYSTA LIFESCIENCE NORTH AMERICA LLCGRANULAR FORMULATION
SABERO ACEPHATE 970SG INSECTICIDESABERO AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITEDWATER SOLUBLE GRANULES
TITAN ACEPHATE 970 SG INSECTICIDETITAN AG PTY LTDWATER SOLUBLE GRANULES

4. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: ACEPHATE 970g/kg

5. COST: $80.74 per L or kg.

6. CHEMICAL GROUP: 1B.

7. RELATED PESTICIDES:

ACEPHATE 970g/kg
AZINPHOS-METHYL 200 g/L
CHLORPYRIFOS 500g/L EC
DIAZINON 800g/L or kg
DIMETHOATE 400g/L
DIMETHOATE SD 400g/L
FENITROTHION 1000g/L
FENTHION 550g/L
MALDISON 500-1180g/L
METHAMIDOPHOS 580g/L
METHIDATHION 400g/L
OMETHOATE 290g/L
OMETHOATE 800g/L
PARATHION 450-500g/L
PHOSMET 150g/L
PROTHIOFOS 500g/L
Terbufos 150 g/kg
TRICHLORFON 500g/L

8. GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

An organophosphate insecticide and aphicide that acts on the invertebrate nervous system..

9. APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Use a wetting agent when treating waxy or hard to wet plants.
Apply in fine weather.

10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:

11. EQUIPMENT:

12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:

13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:

Hard water.
Colloids
pH - High pH or alkaline water causes rapid breakdown of the product in the spray tank.

14. WEATHER:

15. RAINFASTNESS:

?

16. SOIL:

17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:

18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:

20. MODE OF ACTION:

An organophosphate acetlylcholinesterase inhibitor. Acts on the insects nervous system.

21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:

Some insect populations may be resistant to this product.

22. TOXICITY:

Poison schedule - S6
Summary:
A moderately toxic product. However, low level repeated exposures may cause a cumulative poisoning effect.
Details:
Mammalian toxicity - Repeated low level exposure may cause a cumulative toxic effect. Good hygiene is required when using this product.
Acute oral LD50 - 846-1434 mg/kg (rats), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50 - >10-2000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin - May cause redness and irritation. Toxic when in contact with skin. Not sensitising.
Eye - Causes redness, tears and blurred vision.
Vapour inhalation - LC50 - > 12 mg/L air (rat).
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - ppm for two years.
Not mutagenic or teratogenic in most studies. There is some evidince of reproductive effects in animal studies.
Classed as a Group C possible human carcinogen by the US EPA but not listed as carcinogeninc by OSHA in Australia.
Other Species -
Birds - Moderately toxic. LD50 = 140-852 mg/kg.
Acute Oral LD50, mallard duck 350 mg/kg
Acute Oral LD50, chicken 852 mg/kg
Acute Oral LD50, pheasant 140 mg/kg
NOEL on reproduction 5-20 ppm.
Fish - Practicall non toxic LC50 > 1000-2230 ppm.
LC50 (96 h), rainbow trout > 1000 mg/L
LC50 (96 h), bluegill sunfish 2050 mg/L
LC50 (96 h), channel catfish 2230 mg/L
Invertebrates - toxic.EC50 (48 h), Daphnia magna 67.2 mg/L.
Algae - low toxicity. EC50 (72 h) > 980 mg/L
Bees - toxicity.

23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

Headache, dizziness, weakness, pupil constriction, excess salivation, nasal discharge, sweating, abdominal cramps, nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting. Severe poisoning may cause incontinence, unconsciousness, convulsions and death.

24. FIRST AID:

For oral intake: Poisonous if swallowed.
Contact a doctor or poison information centre on 13 11 26 immediately.
Do NOT induce vomitting. Rinse mouth with water.
Give atropine (0.6mg) tablets every quarter hour then every half hour until signs of flushed face, dilated pupils, dry mouth and fast pulse appear. Medical attention must be sought after taking atropine.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash skin.
If breathing has stopped apply resuscitation
Poisoning usually occurs through skin absorption. Effects are cumulative and dangerous levels may develop before symptoms become noticeable. If you are exposed to organophosphate for more than 30 hours per month then levels of acetylcholinesterase enzyme should be regularly checked. If levels drop below 60% of normal then work with organophosphates should stop until levels improve. This may take several weeks.
If in Eyes - Rinse with clean water for 15 minutes, remove contact lenses and rinse for another 10 minutes. Seek medical aid.
Advice to Doctor: This product contains the organophosphorus pesticide, acephate, which is a cholinesterase inhibitor.
Symptoms of cholinesterase inhibition (gastrointestinal disturbances,
dyspnoea, narrowing of the respiratory passages, bradycardia, miosis,
clonic spasms)
Treatment - After basic aid and decontamination procedures, administer atropine sulfate i.v. until signs of atropinisation appear (dry mouth, flushing, and dilated pupils if pupils were originally pinpoint). 2-PAM is also antidotal and may be used in conjunction with atropine, but should not be used alone.

25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Wear splash proof goggles or face shield.
Wear cotton overalls buttoned to the neck and wrist
and washable hat.
Wear elbow-length PVC gloves.
Wear a half-facepiece respirator with combined dust and gas cartridge if inhalation of dust or spray is possible.
Practice good hygeine and limit skin contact.

26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:

Wear protective clothing if working with freshly treated crops.

27. PROPERTIES:

Product appearance - White or blue granules or white powder. Cabbage like odour.
Water solubility at 25 C. - Highly soluble. 790g/L (790,000 ppm) at pH ;
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5;
Vapour Pressure at 24 C. - 0.226 MPa
Dissociation constant - pKa
Melting point - 82-89 C.
Molecular weight -

Shelf Life -
Product Flammability - Non flammable.
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - Soluble. ppm at pH
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. - 0.226 mPa.
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - 82-89 C.
Boiling point -
Molecular weight -
Density - 0.66 kg/L
pH - 3.5-6

28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

It has a half life in soil of . Readily biodegradable in soil.
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination
Replanting intervals
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
It has a half life in soil of .
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Degrades with alkaline pH and at high temperatures

29. COMPATIBILITY:

See HerbiGuide for compatibility with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
See HerbiGuide for a full list of pesticide compatibilities.

30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.

See HerbiGuide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.

31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:

Dangerous Goods Class - Not a dangerous good.
Hazchem Code - NA
Packaging Group -
EPG -
UN Number - NA.
Worksafe Classification -
CAS No. - 30560-19-1

32. References:

AgrEvo.

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.HerbiGuide.com.au for more information.