|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|4FARMERS GLUFOSINATE-AMMONIUM 200 NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||4 FARMERS AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|AC CAPO 200 HERBICIDE||AXICHEM PTY LTD||SL|
|ACCENSI GLUFOSINATE-AMMONIUM HERBICIDE||ACCENSI PTY LTD||SL|
|AGRO-ESSENCE GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||AGRO-ALLIANCE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD||SL|
|AGSPRAY GLUFOSINATE 200 NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||AGKARE PTY LTD||SL|
|APPARENT GLUFOSINATE-AMMONIUM 200 HERBICIDE||APPARENT PTY. LTD.||SL|
|AW COLTURA 200 HERBICIDE||AGRI WEST PTY LIMITED||SL|
|BASTA NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||SL|
|BIFFO NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||CROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD||SL|
|BRAZEN NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||SIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|CONQUEST FASTER TG 200 HERBICIDE||CONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTD||SL|
|CROP CULTURE GUILLOTINE HERBICIDE||CROP CULTURE PTY LTD||SL|
|EASYFARM GLUFOSINATE 200 SL HERBICIDE||EASYFARM PTY LTD||SL|
|ECHEM GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||ECHEM (AUST) PTY LIMITED||SL|
|EXILE HERBICIDE||AGRICROP PTY LTD||SL|
|EXONERATE 200 SL HERBICIDE||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||SL|
|EXONERATE HERBICIDE||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||SL|
|EZYCROP GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||EZYCROP PTY LTD||SL|
|FARMALINX COMMANDO 200 HERBICIDE||FARMALINX PTY LTD||SL|
|FASCINATE 200 SL HERBICIDE||UPL AUSTRALIA LIMITED||SL|
|FINALE NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||LC|
|FMC GLUSTA 200 HERBICIDE||FMC AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD||SL|
|FORWARD GLUFOSINATE 200 SL HERBICIDE||FORWARD AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|GENFARM GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||LANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITED||SL|
|HALLMARK 200 HERBICIDE||HEXTAR CHEMICALS PTY LTD||SL|
|IGNITE HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||AC|
|IMTRADE CEASE HERBICIDE||IMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||AC|
|KELPIE G-FOS 200 HERBICIDE||SINOCHEM INTERNATIONAL AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|KENSO AGCARE FIESTAR NON-SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||KENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.||SL|
|LIBERTY 150 HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||SL|
|LIBERTY 200 HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||SL|
|LIBERTY 280 HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||SL|
|LIBERTY HERBICIDE||BAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTD||AC|
|MACPHERSONS MUSTER HERBICIDE||TGAC AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.||SL|
|MISSION GLUFOSINATE-AMMONIUM 200 HERBICIDE||MISSION BELL HOLDINGS PTY LTD||AC|
|NOVAGUARD GLUFOSINATE 200 SL HERBICIDE||NOVAGUARD PTY LTD||SL|
|OZCROP GLUFOS HERBICIDE||OZCROP PTY. LTD.||SL|
|RAINBOW GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||SHANDONG RAINBOW INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD.||SL|
|SINOCHEM NOTCH 200SL HERBICIDE||SINOCHEM AGRO CO., LTD||SL|
|SKY-7TH 200 HERBICIDE||GROW CHOICE PTY LIMITED||SL|
|SPALDING GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||SPALDING HOLDINGS PTY. LTD.||SL|
|SUREFIRE* GAMMA HERBICIDE||PCT HOLDINGS PTY LTD||SL|
|TITAN GLUFOSINATE 200 HERBICIDE||TITAN AG PTY LTD||SL|
|YONGNONG GLUFOSINATE AMMONIUM 200 SL HERBICIDE||YONGNONG BIOSCIENCES CO., LTD||SL|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Glufosinate-ammonium 200 g/L.It is usually formulated with a surfactant. It is soluble and usually formulated as a water based solution (aqueous concentrate) with surfactant. Basta contains 30% surfactant.
4 CHEMICAL GROUP: N.Glycine.
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:A none selective, non residual, non volatile, broad spectrum, contact herbicide. Initially its major use was as a directed spray under bananas, grape vines and fruit trees. It is now registered for use in many crops as a pre-planting or directed spray.
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Best results in warm weather on actively growing weeds.
8 WEATHER:Rainfast in hours.
9 ADJUVANTS:Wetting agents: A wetting agent is included in most formulations. Extra wetting agent is only likely to be required for high volume or low rate applications or on hard-to-wet weeds.
10 WATER QUALITY:Glufosinate-ammonium tolerates the normal range of water qualities found in field situations.
11 COMPATIBILITY:Trace elements.
12 EQUIPMENT:Boom sprays:
Hand sprays:Hollow cone nozzles are recommended.
Controlled Droplet Application (CDA)Apply with equipment with solid rather than bristle skirts.
Aerial Application:Not generally registered for aerial application because high water rates and good coverage are required.
13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:Clean Up:
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:There are no populations of weeds that have been reported as developing resistance to glufosinate-ammonium in Australia, however, tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.
15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:
16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
|Berries and other small fruits including grapes.||Grazing||56|
|Berries and other small fruits including grapes.||Harvest||0|
|Tropical and sub tropical fruits with inedible peel.||Grazing||56|
|Tropical and sub tropical fruits with inedible peel.||Harvest||0|
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.
18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.
19 SOIL:It is not directly affected by soil type. Indirectly soil type may affect the level of stress of the plant which may affect control.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Uptake and translocation:
Physiological effects:In plants nitrate is absorbed from the soil and forms ammonium which combines with glutamate to form the amino acid glutamine in the presence of the enzyme glutamine synthetase. Glufosinate-ammonium disrupts the action of glutamine synthetase. This results in a build up of ammonia in the plant and reduced glutamine production which subsequently stops photosynthesis. The plant dies from a combination of ammonia toxicity and a lack of carbohydrate from photosynthesis. Ammonium levels start to increase soon after application. Photosynthesis starts to decrease about 2 hours after application and has usually stopped by 8 hours after application.
Residual Life and Breakdown:Essential non residual and breaks down quickly with a soil half life of 1-3 weeks. See 27 Environmental fate for breakdown process.
History:A new amino acid, phosphinothricin, was discovered in bacteria (Streptomyces viridochromogenes) in 1971 and its herbicidal activity discovered by Hoechst Ag in 1976. A synthetic form was produced and bound to ammonium to form the active ingredient. It was launched in Australia in 1990.
21 SELECTIVITY:Crop tolerance:
SECONDARY EFFECTS:24 TOXICITY:
Other Species:Birds: Low toxicity. LD50 > 2000 mg/kg (quail).
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:26 FIRST AID:
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:It has a half life in soil of 1-3 weeks. It is broken down mainly by micro-organisms. The major metabolite produced during breakdown of glufosinate-ammonium is MPPA (methyl-phosphinicopropionic acid) and this has a half life of about 30 days. The final breakdown products are CO2 and other products that are bound by the soil or within micro-organisms.
28 REGISTERED CROPS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
29 REGISTERED WEEDS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:UN number:
31 PROPERTIES:Colour: Blue liquid.
33 REFERENCES:AgrEvo 1994.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.