Bicyclopyrone plus Bromoxynil

1 Trade nameManufacturerForm
TALINOR HerbicideSYNGENTA AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE

2 PRICE:

$28.84/L

3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Bicyclopyrone 37.5g/L + Bromoxynil 175g/L

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: H,C

Triketone and nitrile groups.

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

Ametryn 500Ametryn 500g/L
AmicarbazoneAmicarbazone
Atrazine 500 FlowableAtrazine 500-600g/L
Atrazine 900 GranulesAtrazine 900g/kg
Atrazine plus SimazineAtrazine 250g/L + simazine 250g/L
BalanceIsoxaflutole 750 g/kg (or480g/L)
BasagranBentazone 480g/L
Benzofenap 300Benzofenap 300g/L
BetanalPhenmedipham 157g/L
Bromacil 800Bromacil 800g/kg
BromoxynilBromoxynil 200g/L
ChloridazonChloridazon 650g/kg
Cyanazine 900Cyanazine 900g/kg
DiuronDiuron 500g/L
DiuronDiuron 900g/kg
Forest MixAtrazine 620g/kg + hexazinone 210 g/kg
Forest Mix GranulesAtrazine 150g/kg + hexazinone 50 g/kg
Gesagard 500 SCPrometryn 500g/L
GraslanTebuthiuron 200g/kg (or400g/kg or600g/kg)
IoxynilIoxynil 250g/L
Linuron 500Linuron 500g/L or 500g/kg (or800g/kg)
Metribuzin 750Metribuzin 750g/kg
Metribuzin plus SimazineMetribuzin + simazine
Metribuzin plus TribunilMetribuzin 140g/kg + Methabenzthiazuron 560g/kg
Prometryn 900Prometryn 900g/kg
PropanilPropanil 360 g/L (600g/L)
Sencor 480Metribuzin 480g/L
Simazine Flowable 500Simazine 500g/L
Simazine Granules 900Simazine 900g/kg
Terbacil 800Terbacil 800g/kg
TerbuthylazineTerbuthylazine 750 g/kg (or800-875g/kg)
Terbutryn 500Terbutryn 500g/L (or 750g/kg)
TribunilMethabenzthiazuron 700g/kg
VelparHexazinone 750g/kg (or 250g/L)

6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A post emergence, leaf absorbed, non-residual herbicide applied as spray in water for the control of broadleaved weeds in cereals.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Best results on young actively growing weeds in fine weather.
Do not apply with liquid urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) or ammonium sulphate fertilisers.
Apply in the morning if temperatures and light levels are high to reduce crop phytotoxicity.
Ensure thorough coverage.

8 WEATHER:

Rainfast in 2 hours.
Frost effects: Poorer results in frosty weather.
Wind: Wind speed of 3-20 kph specified on the label to reduce risk of drift.
Inversions: Do not apply during inversions due to risk of drift.
Temperature: More active at high temperatures. Apply in the morning if temperatures and light levels are high to reduce crop phytotoxicity.
Delta T and relative humidity:

9 ADJUVANTS:

Wetting agents: Do not use with non-ionic or soyal phospholipid wetting agents and buffers as a decrease in efficacy will occur.
Spray oils: Use a spray oil with most applications. 0.5% Agidor or 1% Hasten recommended on the label.

10 WATER QUALITY:

Hard water:
Salty water:
Colloids:
pH:
Tank life: Do not leave overnight.

11 COMPATIBILITY:

Trace elements. Not compatible with urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) or ammonium sulphate due to crop phyototoxicity.
Compatible with zinc.
See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.

12 EQUIPMENT:

Boom sprays:

Carrier volume: 75-150 L/ha.
Nozzles: Flat fan.
Pressure: 150-400 kPa.
Droplet size: Medium or coarser droplets specified on label to reduce the risk of drift.

Aerial application:

Not registered for aerial application.
Carrier volume: >30 L/ha.

13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:

Clean Up:

Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove. Mechanically remove any caked deposits.
Remove filters and clean separately. Rinse with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Rinse with water.

Decontamination:

Remove filters and clean then soak in 500 mL household ammonia in 10 L water for 30 minutes.
Rinse sprayer with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Add 1 L of household ammonia (3% active ingredient) per 100 L water while filling the tank. Circulate through the system and spray a small quantity through the boom then allow to stand for several hours. Rinse with soapy water or water plus 0.25% wetting agent. Rinse with water. Or use a commercial spray tank and equipment cleaner.
Rinse nozzles and filters in water and replace then rinse the whole system with water again.

14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:

Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.

15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:

CropTime
Barley9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
bean; adzuki4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
bean; faba 9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
bean; mung4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
Canola9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
clover; subterranean9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
Cotton4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
Cowpea4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
Lentils9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
lucerne9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
Lupins9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
Maize4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
Medic9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
Oats9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
pea; field9 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >250mm rain
pea; pigeon4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
safflower4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
sorghum4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
soybean4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain
sunflower4 months for 1200mL/ha rate and >150mm rain

16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

CropTypeTime
AllGrazing42 days
AllHarvestNot required

17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:

Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop within 16 days of application.

18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.

19 SOIL:

Soil texture:
Soil pH: More rapidly degraded in high pH soils.
Soil organic matter:
Soil moisture at application: Best results when soil is moist.

20 MODE OF ACTION:

Uptake and translocation:

Leaf absorbed. Very little root absorption.
Limited translocation.

Physiological effects:

Bicyclopyrone causes rapid breakdown of chlorophyll resulting in bleaching. It works by inhibiting 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (4-HPPD)
Bromoxynil blocks the activity of Photosystem II, leading to cessation of photosynthesis and destruction of leaf tissues.

Residual Life and Breakdown:

Essentially non residual for weed control but has significant plant back periods specified.

21 SELECTIVITY:

May cause crop yellowing.

Crop tolerance:

Apply in the morning if temperatures and light levels are high to reduce crop phytotoxicity.

Varietal sensitivities:

Do not apply to Durum wheat.

Effect on Clover Species:

Kills clovers.

Effect on Medic Species:

Kills medics.

Effect on Lucerne:

Kills seedling lucerne.

Effect on Native Plants:

22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

Bleaching of leaf tissue.
Interveinal chlorosis a few days after spraying

SECONDARY EFFECTS:

24 TOXICITY:

Summary:

Harmful if swallowed. May irritate eyes and skin. Repeated exposure may cause allergic disorders. Suspected of damaging the unborn child

Details:

SUSMP classification (Poison schedule): S6
Mammalian toxicity:
Acute oral LD50: 1030 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]. Category 4.
Acute dermal LD50: >5000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin: Slight irritant. Sensitiser. Category 1A.
Eye: Slight irritant.
Vapour inhalation: LC50 >5.1 mg/L air (rat).
Not carcinogenic, mutagenic or neurotoxic (i.e. does not cause cancer in animal tests).
Bicyclopyrone technical is Category 2 for reproductive toxicity. Some evidence of adverse effects on development in animal studies
Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):

Other Species:

Highly toxic to aquatic life.

Bicyclopyrone:
Birds: toxicity.
Fish: Low toxicity LC50 >100 mg/L, 96 h, Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)
Invertebrates: Low toxicity. Daphnia magna (Water flea): EC50 >100 mg/L, 48 h
Bees: toxicity.
Arthropods: toxicity.
Earthworms:
Algae: Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae): ErC50 = 5.4 mg/L, 96 h
Accumulation:

Bromoxynil octanoate:
Birds: toxicity:
Fish: High toxicity: LC50 = 0.041 mg/L, 96 h, Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)
Invertebrates: High toxicity. Daphnia magna (Water flea): EC50=0.046 mg/L, 48h
Bees: toxicity.
Arthropods: toxicity.
Earthworms:
Algae: Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae): EC50 =0.22 mg/L, 72 h
Accumulation:

Cloquintocet-mexyl:
Birds: toxicity.
Fish: Low toxicity LC50 >76 mg/L, 96 h, Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)
Invertebrates: Low toxicity. Daphnia magna (Water flea): EC50 >100 mg/L, 48 h
Bees: toxicity.
Arthropods: toxicity.
Earthworms:
Algae: Desmodesmus subspicatus (green algae): EbC50 = 0.53 mg/L, 72 h
Accumulation:

25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

No specific symptoms.

26 FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED: Wash out mouth with water. Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient. Do not induce vomiting. Give a glass of water if coherent.
If in EYES: Hold eyelids open and wash eyes with plenty of water for 5 minutes, remove contact lenses if present and wash for a further 10 minutes. See a doctor if symptoms persist.
If on SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. See a doctor if symptoms persist.
Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically. No specific antidote. Poisoning symptoms in animals were not specific.
Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Half life in soil:
Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
It has a leaching index of . (for comparison, trifluralin is 0-1 and chlorsulfuron is 25-30).
Ground water contamination:
Bicyclopyrone has very high mobility in soil.
Cloquintocet-mexyl is immobile in soil.
Accumulation in milk and tissues:
pH stability:
Photolysis rate:
Hydrolysis half life:
Biodegradation rate:
Bicyclopyrone is not persistent in soil (it leaches) and is not readily biodegradable.
Bromoxynil octanoate is not readily biodegradable.
Cloquintocet-mexyl is not persistent in soil or water.
Bioconcentration factor (BCF):
Cloquintocet-mexyl does not bioaccumulate.

28 REGISTERED CROPS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

29 REGISTERED WEEDS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:

APVMA Numbers: 82256
UN number: 3082
CAS numbers: Bicyclopyrone 352010-68-5
Bromoxynil octanoate1689-99-2
Cloquintocet-mexyl 99607-70-2
Heavy aromatic solvent naphtha (petroleum) 64742-94-5
Acetophenone 98-86-2
OPP Chemical Code:
Hazchem code: 9
SWA classification:
Land transport: ADG
Dangerous goods class (ADG): Not a dangerous good in Australia.
Proper shipping name: Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Liquid, N.O.S. (Bicyclopyrone and Bromoxynil octanoate)
Sea transport: IMDG
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG):
Proper shipping name: Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Liquid, N.O.S. (Bicyclopyrone and Bromoxynil octanoate)
Technical Name:
Hazard Class: 9
ID Number:
Packaging group: III
EMS Number:
EPG:
Marine Pollutant: Yes.
Product code: A 19278A
Air transport: IATA/ICAO
Proper Shipping Name: Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Liquid, N.O.S. (Bicyclopyrone and Bromoxynil octanoate)
Technical Name:
ID Number:
Packaging group: III
Cargo Packing Instructions:
Passenger Packing Instructions:
Environmental Hazard: 9

Risk phrases:
Safety phrases:
Hazard Statements:
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H317 May cause allergic skin reaction
H361d Suspected of damaging the unborn child
Hazard Symbols:

 
GHS07: HarmfulGHS08: Health hazard

Mandatory no-spray zones:
25 m down-wind for aquatic areas.
20 m down-wind for sensitive crops.

31 PROPERTIES:

Colour: Yellow to brown liquid
Odour:
Form: Liquid
Chemical name:
Empirical formula:
IUPAC:
CAS:
Water solubility: Emulsifiable. mg/L at 25 C at pH
Oil solubility:
Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = at 25 C at pH 5.
Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc):
Vapour Pressure: at 25 C.
Vapour density:
Dissociation constant: pKa
Melting point: C.
Boiling point: C.
Molecular weight:
Bulk density: 1.1 g/cm3
Specific gravity:
Viscosity: CPS.
pH: 2-6 at 1%
Flammability: Not explosive, not combustible.
Flashpoint: 92 ± 50C.
Autoignition: 410 ± 200C.
Corrosivity: Corrosive to galvanised sheet metal.
Shelf Life: years.
(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)

32 SPILLS:

Extinguish possible sources of ignition.
Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material such as vermiculite.
Ventilate area after cleanup.

33 FIRE:

Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.

34 COMMENTS:

35 REFERENCES:

Syngenta (2017). Label BICYBROM_82256-105296.
Syngenta (2017). SDS May 2017.

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.