Vaccinium ashei Reade or Vaccinium corymbosum L.
Blueberry because its fruit are blue berries.
Other Names:Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Rabbit Eye Blueberry (Vaccinium ashei)
Summary:A deciduous shrub that produce blue berry fruits.
Stem leaves -
Stems:Flower stem -
Physiology:Has some frost tolerance.
Low chilling requirement similar to peach. Rabbit Eye types have a lower chilling requirement than Highbush types.
Needs 160 day growing season with an average temperature of 13-210C.
Sensitive to high temperatures and moisture stress.
Reproduction:By seed and hardwood cuttings taken in late winter.
Self pollinating but fruit quality is usually better where cultivars are inter planted.
Flowering times:Seed Biology and Germination:
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Origin and History:
Eastern North America.
Distribution:ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
No recorded as naturalised.
The best fruit is produced in areas with long days and cool nights. Rabbit Eye types will tolerate warmer areas than Highbush types.
Soil:Prefers acid sandy loams with a high organic matter and pH of 4.5-5.5.
Rabbit Eye types prefer heavier soils than the Highbush types.
Edible fruit that are eaten raw or used in jams and wines.
Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Diseases include Grey Mould, Powdery Mildew and Alternaria.
Pests include Birds, Rabbits and Light Brown Apple Moth.
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #1253.1, 1253.2.
Reid, R.L. (1990). The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P170-171.
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.