Broad-leaved Pepper Tree Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi
Family: - Anacardiaceae
A tree or shrub with several trunks, 3-6 m tall. The pinnate leaves and leathery leaflets have a red to yellow midrib and smell like turpentine when crushed. Female plants produce clusters of small, bright red, 5 mm diameter berries at then ends of branches during winter. Male trees have many small cream flowers in late summer.
Pinnate with 7-11 leaflets. Exude a clear sap and smell of turpentine when damaged.
Blade - of leaflets; Dark green, leathery, oval.
Looks like a bunch of tiny, spaced grapes.
White to cream. Male flowers deciduous.
Petals - Cream to white
Globular, berry up to 5 mm diameter
Form suckers when damaged.
Late summer in WA.
Seed Biology and Germination:
Roots form suckers. Base re grows if cut.
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread by birds and mammals that eat the seeds and berries. Thickets formed by suckering from the roots especially if they are disturbed. Long distance spread is usually by intentional planting or disposal of garden refuse.
Origin and History:
Introduced as an ornamental landscape tree.
ACT, NSW, QLD, WA.
Temperate to tropical.
Tolerates most soils. More common on sand over limestone or sand over laterite.
Prefers wetter areas.
Ornamental. Shelter. Common street tree.
Aromatic fruits are called Pink Peppercorns and used as gourmet food but may cause vomiting if quantities are consumed.
An aggressive coloniser of disturbed areas such as roadsides, abandoned farms, wetlands and waterways.
Serious weed of Pacific Islands including Norfolk Island.
Invasive weed of the USA.
May cause a skin irritation. It is related to Poison Ivy.
Fruits may cause vomiting if a quantity are eaten.
Management and Control:
Seedlings and saplings can be removed by hand.
Burning usually reduces the infestation.
Target female trees in control programs initially to reduce seed production and further spread.
Cutting trees usually results in vigorous re growth and suckering unless the stump is painted immediately with herbicide such as neat glyphosate or triclopyr.
Apply 1 part or Access or Garlon in 60 parts diesel to a 30 cm band around the base of each stem. Pull or remove seedling for several years.
Pepper Tree (Schinus areira) is larger and has much narrower leaflets.
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) and Edible Mango (Mangifera indica) are in the same family.
Plants of similar appearance:
Tree of Heaven.
Bodkin, F. (1986). Encyclopaedia Botanica. (Angus and Robertson, Australia).
Everist, S.L. (1974). Poisonous Plants of Australia. (Angus and Robertson, Sydney).
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd, S.G. (1997). Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. (Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia). P82. Photo
Lazarides, M. and Cowley, K. and Hohnen, P. (1997). CSIRO handbook of Australian Weeds. (CSIRO, Melbourne). 893.3.
Paczkowska, G. and Chapman, A. (2000). The Western Australia flora: a descriptive catalogue. (Wildflower Society of Western Australia (Inc), the Western Australian Herbarium, CALM and the Botanic Gardens & Parks Authority). P145.
Randall, J.M. and Marinelli, J. (1996) Invasive Plants. (Brooklyn Botanic Gardens Inc. Brooklyn). P68. Photo.
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.