Small trees or shrubs with alternate leaves and red or yellow "bottle brush" flowers.
Stipules - None or tiny.
Petiole - short.
Blade - Small, simple, dotted with oil glands, smooth edges, often leathery and long and slender.
Will coppice when damaged.
Dense oblong or cylindrical spike with the axis growing out before flowering is complete.
Usually red or yellow, 20-30 mm long. Radially symmetrical. Stalkless or immersed in the woody axis. Floral tube is usually cup shaped.
Ovary - Inferior or almost so.3-4 celled. Hairy at the top with a slight depression around the style. Many ovules per cell
Style - Simple, terminal, threadlike.
Stigma - Small, head like.
Sepals - Connected to the floral tube. 5 free. Rather dry and membranous. Smaller than petals. Fall of as the fruit ripens.
Petals - 5, spreading, free, overlapping and almost circular.
Stamens - Many free or joined near the base, much longer than the petals. In more than 1 row.
Anthers - Versatile, 2 parallel cells with lengthwise slit.
Dry, woody capsule. Seed released through slits at the top (midway between partitions) when ripe. 3-4 valves.
Taproot with many laterals.
Trees or shrubs
Leaves with aromatic oils.
Inflorescence sub terminal, cylindrical.
Flowers in spikes of which axis later elongates in a leafy shoot.
Flowers red or yellow, actinomorphic (radially symmetrical)
Floral tube well developed.
Sepals free and connected to the floral tube.
5 Petals free.
Ovary inferior or half inferior.
Stamens in more than 1 row, not in bundles, longer than and opposite petals.
Anthers not erect, versatile.
Fruit dehiscent, 3-4 valved.
Adapted from Nancy Burbidge and B.L. Rye.
Seed Biology and Germination:
Stem will coppice when damaged.
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread by seed.
Origin and History:
Most species are native to the eastern states.
ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Ornamental, honey, gums, shelter.
Little forage value.
Not recorded as toxic.
The Wildlife Conservation Act protects this species in the wild.
Management and Control:
Manual removal is usually effective.
Burning followed by bull dosing or chaining is usually the most cost effective for large stands.
Individual trees can be sawn off close to ground level and the stump painted immediately with Access. Basal bark spraying with Access in diesel is effective. Saplings can be sprayed overall with Garlon, Grazon or glyphosate.
Unlikely because it is an Australian native species.