Capsicum

Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum

Order: Solanales

Family: Solanaceae

Names:

Capsicum
Annuum
Green Capsicum because the fruit of this variety is green.
Red Capsicum because the fruit of this variety is green.

Other Names:

Summary:

A shrub bearing pungent flavoured fruit.

Description:

Cotyledons:

Two.

Leaves:

Stipules -
Petiole -
Blade -

Stems:

Flower head:

Flowers:

Ovary -
Calyx -
Perianth -
Sepals -
Petals -
Stamens -
Anthers -

Fruit:

Seeds:

Roots:

Key Characters:

Biology:

Life cycle:

Biennial shrub.

Physiology:

Reproduction:

By seed.

Flowering times:

Seed Biology and Germination:

Vegetative Propagules:

None.

Hybrids:

Allelopathy:

Population Dynamics and Dispersal:

Spread mainly by intentional planting.

Origin and History:

Central America.
Introduced as a vegetable crop.

Distribution:

ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.

Courtesy Australia's Virtual Herbarium.

Habitats:

Climate:

Temperate. Mediterranean.

Soil:

Plant Associations:

Significance:

Beneficial:

Fresh salad or cooked vegetable. Ground fruit yield peppers.
Ornamental.

Detrimental:

Toxicity:

Not recorded as toxic probably because of its low palatability.

Legislation:

None.

Management and Control:

Thresholds:

Eradication strategies:

Herbicide resistance:

Biological Control:

Related plants:

Chilli (Capsicum annuum)
Pickersgill (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Red Capsicum (Capsicum annuum)
Capsicum frutescens

Plants of similar appearance:

References:

Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #274.1.

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information for more information.