Chlorothalonil

1_Trade_NameManufacturerForm
4FARMERS CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDE4 FARMERS PTY LTDSC
APPLONIL 720 FUNGICIDEGROW CHOICE PTY LIMITEDSC
AW GROWALL 720 FUNGICIDEAGRI WEST PTY LIMITEDSC
BARRACK BETTERSTICK FUNGICIDECROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDSC
BAYER CHLOROTHALONIL 500 SC FUNGICIDEBAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTDSC
BRAVO FUNGICIDESYNGENTA CROP PROTECTION PTY LIMITEDSC
BRAVO WEATHER STIK FUNGICIDESYNGENTA CROP PROTECTION PTY LIMITEDSC
CAMPBELL CHEERS 720 FLOWABLE FUNGICIDECOLIN CAMPBELL (CHEMICALS) PTY LTDSC
CAMPBELL CHEERS 720 WEATHERSHIELD FUNGICIDECOLIN CAMPBELL (CHEMICALS) PTY LTDSC
CAMPBELL DACOGREEN 720 FLOWABLE FUNGICIDECOLIN CAMPBELL (CHEMICALS) PTY LTDSC
CAMPBELL DACOGREEN 720 WEATHERSHIELD FUNGICIDECOLIN CAMPBELL (CHEMICALS) PTY LTDSC
CHEMAG WHACK 500 FUNGICIDEIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC
CHEMTURA CHLOROTHALONIL FUNGICIDECHEMTURA AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC
CONQUEST CLASH 720 FUNGICIDECONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTDSC
COUNTRY CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDEACCENSI PTY LTDSC
CROP CARE BARRACK 720 FUNGICIDECROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDSC
DACONIL WEATHER STIK TURF FUNGICIDESYNGENTA CROP PROTECTION PTY LIMITEDSC
DACOTEC FLOWABLE FUNGICIDESDS BIOTECH KKSC
FARMALINX CHLORNIL FUNGICIDEFARMALINX PTY LTDSC
FARMOZ CAVALRY 720 SC FUNGICIDEFARMOZ PTY LIMITEDSC
FARMOZ FUNG-O-NIL 500 FLOWABLE AGRICULTURAL FUNGICIDEFARMOZ PTY LIMITEDAC
FAUDEL FUNGICIDEAAKO AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITEDSC
GENFARM CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDELANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITEDSC
HALLEY CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDEHALLEY INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDSC
KENDON DONIL FLOWABLE FUNGICIDEKENDON CHEMICALS & MNFG CO PTY LTDSC
MASMART C-FLOW FUNGICIDEMASMART PTY LTDSC
NUFARM ELECT 500 FLOWABLE FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDLD
NUFARM UNITE 720 FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDSC
NUFARM UNITE ULTRASTICK FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDSC
OSPRAY CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDEOSPRAY PTY LTDSC
ROTAM APRISCO FUNGICIDEROTAM AGROCHEMICAL CO., LTD.SC
SIPCAM ECHO 720 FUNGICIDESIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC
SIPCAM PACIFIC ECHO 500 SC FUNGICIDESIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC
TITAN CHLOROTHALONIL 720 FUNGICIDETITAN AG PTY LTDSC
WHACK 500 FUNGICIDEIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC
WHACK FUNGICIDEIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDSC

4. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Chlorothalonil 500-720g/L

5. COST: $25.52 per L or kg.

6. CHEMICAL GROUP: M5.

7. RELATED PESTICIDES:

Chlorothalonil 500-720g/L

8. GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

An broad spectrum agricultural protectant fungicide.
Rates in HerbiGuide are for 720 g/L formulations. Multiply rates by 1.5 if using 500 g/L products.

9. APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Ensure good coverage. Best results when the crop canopy is wet.
High volume, low volume, mister and aerial application.
For aerial and low volume ground applications spray when the canopy is wet.
Apply before diseases occur or become establish as chlorothalonil only has protectant action.
If disease is established use an eradicant for the first spray.
Slippery when split. Clean up spills immediately.
Apply before rain as spraying immediately after rain will not control infections that occurred during the rain event.

10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:

None recommended. Label advises against the use of spraying oils and wetting agents and mentions fruit damage may occur at some times or if oils have been used within the last 10 days or if tank mixed with EC formulations of other pesticides.
Wetting agents have not improved performance in trials.

11. EQUIPMENT:

Boom, mister, hand spray, aircraft.

12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:

Triple rinse with water and wetting agent.
Physically clean deposits from strainers and other areas where deposits build up.

13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:

High volume >500 L/ha
Low volume > 200 L/ha
Mister 75-225 L/ha
Aerial >20 L/ha

14. WEATHER:

Apply in fine weather.

15. RAINFASTNESS:

<15 mins

16. SOIL:

17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:

Grapes - Russeting of table grapes may occur in some situations.
Stone Fruit - Skin damage to stone fruit may occur with late timings, high rates, in mixtures or following some other products.

18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

Beans: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
ChickPea: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops or residues.
Chickpea: Harvest - 7 days.
Faba Beans: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Faba Beans: Harvest - 7 days.
Peanuts: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Peanuts: Harvest - Not required when used as directed.
Peas: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Peas: Harvest - 7 days.
Sweet Corn: Harvest - 1 day.
Tobacco: Harvest - Not required when used as directed.
Beans: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
ChickPea: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops or residues.
Chickpea: Harvest - 7 days.
Faba Beans: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Faba Beans: Harvest - 7 days.
Peanuts: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Peanuts: Harvest - Not required when used as directed.
Peas: Grazing - Do not graze treated crops.
Peas: Harvest - 7 days.
Sweet Corn: Harvest - 1 day.
Tobacco: Harvest - Not required when used as directed.

19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:

20. MODE OF ACTION:

Non systemic. Protectant fungicide. Prevents new infections but doesn't cure existing infections.
Nitrile group

21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:

Some species may be resistant or develop resistance with continued application. Rotate with products from alternative groups.

22. TOXICITY:

Poison schedule - S6
Summary:
Details:
Poison schedule - S6
Mammalian toxicity -
Acute oral LD50 - >10,000 mg/kg (rats), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50 - > 10,000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin - Severe irritant. Contact dermatitis.
Eye - Severe irritant (Rabbit)
Vapour inhalation - LC50 - 0.092 mg/L/4hr air (rat).
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - ppm for two years.
Not mutagenic or teratogenic (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems).
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) - 0.01 mg/kg bw/day
Repeated doses produce kidney tumours in rats and male mice.

23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

Ingestion of large amounts may cause general depression, diarrhoea, irritation of the mouth oesophagus and stomach.
It may be an eye irritant and may cause conjunctivitis and corneal opacity.
On skin it may result in irritation or sensitisation in sensitive individuals.
Inhalation may cause respiratory irritation.
Long term prolonged exposure may cause kidney disorders.

24. FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED - Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse mouth with water. Give a glass of water to drink. Seek medical advice.
If in EYES - Irrigate for 15 minutes with plenty of water.
If on SKIN - Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water. If irritation occurs seek medical advice.
If INHALED - Remove patient to fresh air. Keep patient at rest and warm until full recovered. If effects persist seek medical advice.
If patient has symptoms or is concerned contact a doctor immediately.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically. Chlorothalonil may cause temporary allergic reactions such as redness of eyes, mild bronchial irritation and rash on exposed skin. Antihistamine or steroid creams are effective barrier treatments.
Call Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Safety goggles and face shield.
Elbow length PVC gloves.
Cotton overalls and washable hat.
Boots.

26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:

27. PROPERTIES:

Product appearance -
Shelf Life - at least 2 years.
Product Flammability - Non combustible. Decomposes on heating emitting toxic fumes including HCl
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - ppm at pH
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. -
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - C.
Boiling point -
Molecular weight -
Density - SG 1.34 at 20C

28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Summary - Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
Birds - Low toxicity. LD50 >4640 - > 10,000 mg/kg.
Fish - High toxicity LC50 0.043 - 0.06 ppm.
Invertebrates - High toxicity. LC50 0.07 - >0.165 ppm
Bees - Slightly toxic.
It is rapidly degraded in soil with a half life in soil of from a few hours to a few days.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that is expected to be low.
Ground water contamination is unlikely.
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Bioaccumulation risk in aquatic species is low.

29. COMPATIBILITY:

See HerbiGuide for compatibility with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
See HerbiGuide for a full list of pesticide compatibilities.
Compatible with many wettable powder formulations of fungicides, insecticides and miticides. EC formulations may cause crop damage.

30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.

See HerbiGuide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.

31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:

Dangerous Goods Class - Not classified as a dangerous good for road or rail transport. Classified as a dangerous good for marine transport and classified as a marine pollutant.
Hazchem Code - Harmful Xn
Packaging Group - 3 for marine and air transport.

32. References:

Crop Care (2002) Barrack 720 53884 label and MSDS

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.HerbiGuide.com.au for more information.