Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Family: Fabaceae or Phaseoleae
Vulgaris is the Latin word meaning common.
Summary:An annual vine producing the common green bean.
Stem leaves -
Fruit:Long, usually curved pod.
Seeds:Kidney shaped, smooth.
Grown as a winter and spring crop in Queensland and Northern WA, a spring to autumn crop in southern Australia and a summer crop in Tasmania. The crop is harvested 7-12 weeks after planting.
Physiology:Susceptible to frost.
Day temperatures greater than 320C cause flower drop.
Flowering times:Spring to autumn.
Seed Biology and Germination:Vegetative Propagules:
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Usually spread by intentional planting.
Origin and History:Tropical America.
Introduced as a vegetable crop.
Distribution:ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Prefer soil temperatures greater than 150C.
Soil:Well drained with a pH of 5-6.5
Common vegetable crop.
Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Susceptible to bacterial blights, anthracnose, grey mould, root rot, rust, stem rot, Rhizoctonia stem and root rot, clover stunt virus and summer death virus.
Insects of significance include Spider Mite, Bean Fly, Thrips, Aphids and Leaf Hoppers. The last two are also vectors for virus transmission.
Related plants:Scarlet Runner Bean (Phaseolus coccineus)
Sieva Bean(Phaseolus lunatus)
Mung Bean (Phaseolus radiatus = Vigna radiata)
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #961.4.
Reid, R.L. (1990) The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P142-143.
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