Conclude



2 PRICE:


3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Florasulam 7g/L + MCPA ester 357g/L

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: B,I

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

Group B herbicides
BensulfuronBensulfuron 600g/kg
BroadstrikeFlumetsulam 800g/kg
ChlorsulfuronChlorsulfuron 750g/kg
CrusaderPyroxsulam 30g/L + cloquintocet-mexyl 90g/L
EclipseMetosulam 100g/L
EclipseMetosulam 714g/kg
EthoxysulfuronEthoxysulfuron 600g/kg
ExpressTribenuron methyl 750g/kg
FlameImazapic 240g/L
Harmony MMetsulfuron 68g/kg + thifensulfuron-methyl 682g/kg
Imazapic plus ImazapyrImazapic 525 + Imazapyr 175g/L
ImazapyrImazapyr 250g/L or 750g/kg
IntervixImazamox 33g/L + imazapyr 15g/L
Iodosulfuron 100Iodosulfuron 100g/kg
Iodosulfuron plus mefenpyrIodosulfuron 100g/L + mefenpyr
LightningImazapyr 175g/L + imazethapyr 525g/L
Logran 750Triasulfuron 750g/kg
Mesosulfuron 30Mesosulfuron 30g/L
Metsulfuron-methylMetsulfuron 600g/kg
MusterEthametsulfuron-methyl 750g/kg
Raptor WG 700Imazamox 700 g/kg
SempraHalosulfuron 750g/kg
SpinnakerImazethapyr 700g/kg or 240g/L
SulfometuronSulfometuron 750g/kg
SulfosulfuronSulfosulfuron 750g/kg
TitusRimsulfuron 250g/kg
TrifloxysulfuronTrifloxysulfuron 750g/kg



Group I herbicides
2,4-D amine 5002,4-D Amine 500g/L
2,4-D amine 6252,4-D Amine 625g/L
2,4-D amine plus Dicamba2,4-D 250gL + dicamba 100g/L
2,4-D ester 8002,4-D Ester 800g/L
2,4-D ester plus Garlon2,4-D ester 530g/L + triclopyr 200g/L
2,4-D LV ester 6002,4-D LV ester 600-680g/L
2,4-DB 4002,4-DB 400g/L
2,4-DB 5002,4-DB 500g/L
2,4-DB plus MCPA2,4-DB 200g/L + MCPA 250g/L
AccessPicloram 120g/L + triclopyr 240g/L
Dicamba 200Dicamba 200
Dicamba 25 plus MCPA 150Dicamba 25g/L + MCPA 150g/L
Dicamba 500Dicamba 500g/L
Dicamba 700Dicamba 700g/kg (or 750 g/kg)
Dicamba plus MCPADicamba 80g/L + MCPA 340g/L
FallowBoss2,4-Dam 300g/L+Aminopyralid 7.5g/L+picloram 75g/L
Garlon 600Triclopyr 600g/L
Grazon ExtraAminopyralid 8g/L+picloram 100g/L+triclopyr 300g/L
HotshotAminopyralid salt 10g/L + fluroxypyr-meptyl 140g/L
LontrelClopyralid 300g/L
Lontrel 750Clopyralid 750g/kg
MCPA amineMCPA 500-750g/L
MCPA LVEMCPA LV ester 500g/L (or570)
MCPB 400MCPB 400g/L
PicloramPicloram 240g/L
Picloram plus TriclopyrPicloram 100g/L + triclopyr 300g/L
Starane 200Fluroxypyr 200-400g/L
Tordon 242MCPA 420g/L + picloram 26g/L
Tordon 75-D2,4-D 300g/L + picloram 75g/L
Tordon DSPicloram amine 100g/L + triclopyr amine 200g/L
Tordon RegrowthMasterAminopyralid 25g/L+picloram100g/L+triclopyr 200g/L
Tri-kombi24D Ester 800g/L + Dicamba 40g/L + Mecoprop 336g/L


6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A post emergent, foliar absorbed herbicide for control of broad leaved weeds in cereals.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Best results when applied in fine weather on young actively growing plants.

Avoid spraying if rain expected in 4 hours as poor weed control may occur.

Avoid spraying if heavy rain expected within 48 hours as crop damage may occur.

Use Uptake at 0.5% or other spray oil.

Use wetting agent if tank mixed with metsulfuron.

Allow a 5 m downwind buffer near water bodies and a 10 m downwind buffer near native vegetation.

8 WEATHER:

Rainfast in 4 hours. Heavy rain within 48 hours of application may lead to crop damage.

Frost effects:

Wind:

Inversions: Don't apply in inversion conditions as significant drift may occur.

Temperature: Not affected much by temperature.

Soil moisture at application: Best results when soil is moist.

9 ADJUVANTS:

Wetting agents: Use a non ionic wetter when tank mixed with metsulfuron.

Spray oils: Uptake® at 0.5% recommended on label. Other good quality spray oils also appear to be adequate.

10 WATER QUALITY:

Hard water: May cause separation of the active ingredients (do a jar test).

Salty water: May cause separation of the active ingredients (do a jar test).

Colloids:

pH:

Tank life:

11 COMPATIBILITY:

Trace elements. Some chemicals (acids, bases and oxidisers) may cause phase separation (do a jar test).

See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.

12 EQUIPMENT:

Boom sprays:

Carrier volume: 50-100 L/ha. Use at least 80 L/ha if applying as a coarse spray.

Nozzles: Flat fan. Producing a medium quality spray (ASABE standard s-572).

Pressure: 150-400 kPa.

13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:

Clean Up:

Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove.

Remove filters and clean separately. Rinse with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Rinse with water.

Decontamination:

Remove filters and clean then soak in 500 mL household ammonia in 10 L water for 30 minutes.

Rinse sprayer with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Fill with 1% solution of ammonia and leave for several hours. Triple rinse with water. Or use a commercial spray tank and equipment cleaner.

Rinse nozzles and filters in water and replace.

Don't use chlorine based cleaners.

14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:

Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.

15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:

Bean; Faba9 months
Chickpea9 months
Clover9 months
Lentil9 months
Lucerne9 months
Lupin9 months
Medic9 months
Pea; Field9 months
All other cropsCan be grown in the following season.

16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

CropTypeTime
BarleyGrazing7 days
BarleyHarvestNot required
OatsGrazing7 days
OatsHarvestNot required
TriticaleGrazing7 days
TriticaleHarvestNot required
WheatGrazing7 days
WheatHarvestNot required

No restrictions on the use of straw. Doesn't bind to straw.

17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:

Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.

18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.

19 SOIL:

Soil texture: No specific effect.

Soil pH: Product may be more active on high pH (limestone) soils.

Soil organic matter: No specific effect.

20 MODE OF ACTION:

MCPA component disrupts plant cell growth. Florasulam inhibits the acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme which inhibits fat or lipid synthesis.

Uptake and translocation:

Foliar absorbed. Some root absorption especially if heavy rain follows application and/or on alkaline soils. Translocated in phloem and xylem.

Physiological effects:

Residual Life and Breakdown:

Breakdown is mainly by microbial processes.

Rapidly metabolised in tolerant plants.

21 SELECTIVITY:

Tolerant plants rapidly metabolise florasulam which reduces the residue levels.

Crop tolerance:

Slight transient yellowing and some crop retardation may occur in Barley and Oats but this rarely affects grain yield. Symptoms are usually most evident 7-14 days after application.

Varietal sensitivities:

Effect on Clover Species:

Kills clovers.

Effect on Medic Species:

Kills medics.

Effect on Lucerne:

Kills seedling lucerne, damages established lucerne.

Effect on Native Plants:

Allow a 10 m downwind buffer near native vegetation.

22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:

Crops affected by disease are more likely to be damaged.

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

Susceptible plants stop growing soon after application. Complete death may take several weeks and 4-6 weeks for some species.

SECONDARY EFFECTS:

24 TOXICITY:

Summary:

Harmful if swallowed. May cause eye and skin irritation. Repeated exposure may cause allergic disorders.

Details:

Poison schedule: S6.

Mammalian toxicity: Low.

Acute oral LD50: >3000 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]

Acute dermal LD50: >5000 mg/kg (rat).

Skin: May cause moderate skin irritation with local redness.

Eye: May cause slight temporary irritation.

Vapour inhalation: LC50 >5 mg/L air (rat).

Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.

Not carcinogenic or mutagenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer). MCPA has caused birth defects at doses toxic to the mother in animal tests.

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):

Effects on blood, kidney, liver and testes have been recorded for MCPA in animal tests.

Effects on the kidney have been reported for florasulam in animal tests.

Other Species:

Highly toxic to algae and aquatic organisms.

MCPA

Birds: Practically non toxic. LD50 >2000 mg/kg. LC50 >5000 ppm in diet.

Fish: High toxicity LC50 <1 mg/L.

Invertebrates: toxicity.

Bees: toxicity.

Arthropods: toxicity.

Earthworms:

Algae:

Accumulation:

Florasulam

Birds: Slightly toxic. LD50 501-2000 mg/kg. Practically non in diet with an LC50 >5000 ppm.

Fish: High toxicity LC50 <1 mg/L.

Invertebrates: toxicity.

Bees: toxicity.

Arthropods: toxicity.

Earthworms:

Algae:

Accumulation:

25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

26 FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED: Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient. Do NOT induce vomiting. Sip a glass of water.

If in EYES: Irrigate with plenty of water, then remove contact lenses and irrigate some more.

If on SKIN: Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.

If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. Give artificial respiration if patient is not breathing and call an ambulance.

Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically.

Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Half life in soil: Short and not very dependent on pH.

Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.

It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from

Ground water contamination

Accumulation in milk and tissues.

pH stability:

Photolysis rate:

Hydrolysis half life:

Biodegradation rate: Not readily biodegradable under OECD/EEC test criteria.

Bioconcentration potential is high BCF >3000 for MCPA.

Bioconcentration potential is low BCF <100 for florasulam.

28 REGISTERED CROPS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

29 REGISTERED WEEDS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:

APVMA number: 62318/20/0209

UN number: 3082

CAS numbers: MCPA 2-EHE 29450-45-1. Florasulam 145701-23-1.

OPP Chemical Code:

Hazchem code: 2X.

NOHSC classification: Hazardous.

Land transport:

Dangerous goods class (ADG): Not classified as a dangerous good.

Sea transport:

Proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. LIQUID. N.O.S. (contains florasulam and MCPA ethyl hexyl ester).

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG):

Class: 9.

Packaging group: III.

EPG:

Risk phrases:

R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

31 PROPERTIES:

Colour: Off white liquid.

Odour: Mild.

Form: liquid.

Chemical name:

Empirical formula:

IUPAC

CAS: MCPA 2-EHE 29450-45-1. Florasulam 145701-23-1.

Water solubility: Emulsifies

Oil solubility:

Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = 5-7 for MCPA. <3 for florasulam

Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc): >5000 for MCPA.

Vapour Pressure: at 25 C.

Vapour density:

Dissociation constant: pKa

Melting point: C.

Boiling point: C.

Molecular weight:

Bulk density: 1.04 g/mL.

Specific gravity: 1.04 g/mL.

pH: 5.5

Flammability: Combustible. Class C1.

Flashpoint: >1000C.

Autoignition: C.

Corrosivity:

Shelf Life: years.

(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)

Thermally stable at normal temperatures. Active ingredient decomposes at elevated temperatures. It can coagulate if frozen.

32 SPILLS:

Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material.

Wash area with water and detergent.

33 FIRE:

Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.

Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.

Product will not burn until water has evaporated then dry residue may burn.

34 COMMENTS:

35 REFERENCES:

Ashton, F.M. and Crafts, A.S. (1981) Mode of Action of Herbicides. (Wiley-Interscience publication).

Kearney, P.C. and Kaufman, D.D. (1976). Herbicides. Chemistry, degradation and mode of action. Vol 1 & 2.

Dow AgroSciences (2008) Conclude label.

Dow AgroSciences (2008) Conclude MSDS.

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.