Copper hydroxide 375

1_Trade_NameManufacturerForm
BLUE SHIELD DF COPPER FUNGICIDEBAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTDDRY FLOWABLE
CUNG FU 350 SC FUNGICIDEEKKO SOLUTIONS PTY LTDSUSPENSION CONCENTRATE
DUPONT KOCIDE BLUE XTRA FUNGICIDEDU PONT (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
DUPONT KOCIDE OPTI FUNGICIDEDU PONT (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
DUPONT MANKOCIDE DF FUNGICIDEKOCIDE LLCWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
MELPAT HYDROCOP WG FUNGICIDE/BACTERICIDEMELPAT INTERNATIONAL PTY LTDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
MULTICROP KOCIDE BLUE XTRA GARDEN FUNGICIDEMULTICROP (AUST.) PTY.LTD.WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
NUFARM CHAMP 500 WG FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
NUFARM CHAMP DRY PRILL WG FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
NUFARM CHAMP FLOWABLE 350 FUNGICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDSUSPENSION CONCENTRATE
TRADEWYNS BLU-COP 400DF FUNGICIDEFMC AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDDRY FLOWABLE
VITRA 400 WG FUNGICIDEINDUSTRIAS QUIMICAS DEL VALLES, S.A.WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE

4. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Copper hydroxide 375g/kg

5. COST: $18.70 per L or kg.

6. CHEMICAL GROUP: M1.

7. RELATED PESTICIDES:

Copper hydroxide 375g/kg
Copper oxychloride 500-520g/kg
Copper sulphate 190-200 g/L

8. GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

An agricultural fungicide.

9. APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Use within 3 hours of mixing. Keep agitated.
Use a wetting agent on hard to wet crops or when applying by aircraft or concentrate sprayers.
May be applied by high volume or concentrate sprayers. Spray to the point of run-off if using high volume sprayer. Apply an equivalent amount of fungicide in the lower volume of water if using concentrate sprayers.
Application to wet crops or in poor drying conditions may cause spotting of leaves.
Application when the temperature is more than 35 degrees C may cause leaf burn.

10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:

Wetting agents generally recommended for hard to wet crops, low volume spraying or when a companion product requires a wetting agent.

11. EQUIPMENT:

Oscillating booms preferred over air blast sprayers for spraying Citrus because of the difficulty in penetrating the canopy.
Cone or air assisted nozzles are preferred to flat fan nozzles on boom sprays to provide better coverage.
Aim for a droplet size of 150 microns V.M.D. or a fine spray.

12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:

Triple rinse with water and wetting agent.
Physically clean deposits from strainers and other areas where deposits build up.

13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:

If pH of water is less than 7 a buffering agent may be required. Do not use when pH of mixed spray is less than 6.5. Add the buffering agent to the water before adding the copper hydroxide product.

14. WEATHER:

Apply in fine weather.

15. RAINFASTNESS:

10-20 minutes

16. SOIL:

17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:

Copper hydroxide predisposes Cabbage and Lettuce to frost damage.
Some varieties of Apple, Pears and Grapes are sensitive to copper sprays.
Some varieties of Ornamentals are sensitive to copper sprays.
May reduce Potato yield if applied under dry conditions.

18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

All crops: Harvest - 1 day.
All crops: Harvest - 1 day.

19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:

None required.

20. MODE OF ACTION:

Protectant fungicide. Inorganic.

21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:

Very few species develop resistance to copper based sprays. Control failures are usually due to poor or late application.
Use curative or eradicant fungicides if the disease is established.

22. TOXICITY:

Poison schedule - S6
Summary: Copper intolerant individuals should not be exposed to this or other copper salts.
Details:
Poison schedule - S6
Mammalian toxicity - Low.
Acute oral LD50 - 1346 mg/kg (rats), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50 - > 5000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin - irritant.
Eye - slight irritant
Vapour inhalation - LC50 - 1.3 mg/L air (rat).
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - ppm for two years.
Not mutagenic or teratogenic (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems).
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) -

23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

Metallic taste in the mouth.
Ingestion of large amounts may cause irritation of gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting, salivation, gastric pain, hemorrhagic gastritis, diarrhoea, capillary damage, liver and kidney damage, CNS stimulation followed by depression. Jaundice, pain in liver and haemolytic anaemia have been reported following human over dose.
If in eyes - slight irritation may occur.
Repeated exposure on skin may lead to allergenic contact dermatitis or irritation.
Excessive inhalation of mist may cause cough, mucous production, shortness of breath and symptoms reflecting metal fume fever.
Chronic excessive inhalation of copper may result in irritation to the upper respiratory tract which may lead to perforation of the nasal septum.
Chronic ingestion of copper salts may lead to anaemia, liver and kidney damage and chronic cough

24. FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED - Rinse mouth with water, do NOT induce vomiting, seek medical advice.
If in EYES - Irrigate for 15 minutes with plenty of water.
If on SKIN - Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.
If INHALED - Remove patient to fresh air. If not breathing apply artificial respiration and seek medical advice.
If patient has symptoms or is concerned contact a doctor immediately.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically. No specific antidote. Remove by gastric lavage. Victim may suffer stomach pains, symptoms attributable to the CNS and kidneys, haemolytic crisis accompanied by damage in the liver and brain.
Call Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Safety goggles and face shield.
Elbow length PVC gloves.
Cotton overalls and washable hat.
Boots.

26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:

Wait until spray has dried.

27. PROPERTIES:

Product appearance - Dark blue granules, liquid or powder
Shelf Life - At least 2 years in liquid formulations and very long for dry formulations.
Product Flammability - Non flammable.
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - Dispersible.
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. -
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - C.
Boiling point -
Molecular weight -
Density -
pH - 10.4 at 1% solution.

28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Summary - Toxic to aquatic organisms.
Birds - toxicity. LC50 > 340 mg/kg. LC50 8 day diet > 10,000 ppm.
Fish - very toxic. LC50 - 0.023-180 ppm.
Invertebrates - very toxic. LC50 - 0.006 ppm
Bees - toxicity.
It has a half life in soil of many years. Copper is a naturally occurring soil constituent and plant nutrient.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that is low.
Ground water contamination is unlikely.
Accumulation in milk and tissues.

29. COMPATIBILITY:

See HerbiGuide for compatibility with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
See HerbiGuide for a full list of pesticide compatibilities. Compatible with most insecticides, pyrethroids, spray oils, urea
May not be compatible with some foliar fertilisers.

30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.

See HerbiGuide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.

31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:

Dangerous Goods Class - Not classified as a dangerous good for transport by road or rail.
Hazchem Code -
Packaging Group -

32. References:

Nufarm (2002) Champ Label and MSDS

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.HerbiGuide.com.au for more information.