An evergreen shrub with arching branches and red berries in autumn and winter and tiny Rose like flowers in spring. The leaves are dull green on top and white and felt like underneath.
Blade - 15-30 mm long for C. pannosus, up to 80mm long for C. glaucophyllus. Dull green on top, felt like and white underneath. Oval shaped. Simple.
Many stemmed, to 3000mm long, often arching.
Coppice when cut.
Flower stem -
Clusters of flowers on short lateral shoots.
Petals - White.
Large aggressive root system.
Perennial, evergreen shrub. Flowers in spring/summer, Sets berries in autumn/winter and the first flowers are produced in the second or third season.
Apomictic (they can set seed without pollination) and can also set seed after pollination and hybridise with other species.
Spring to early summer in WA
Seed Biology and Germination:
Many hybrids exist and are sold commercially as ornamentals.
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread by birds.
Origin and History:
A garden escape.
ACT, NSW, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
C. glaucophyllus on roadsides from Busselton to Albany.
C. pannosus Darling Range near Perth and roadsides form Perth to Albany.
Prefers higher rainfall areas.
They can establish in relatively undisturbed bushland.
Invasive weed of the USA.
Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:
Grazing normally provides good control.
Large bushes can be physically removed. Seedlings are difficult to hand pull and a weed wrench may be needed.
Replanting tall growing and scrub species to reduce light levels at the ground will help reduce reinvasion. Seed bearing bushes for several kilometres need to be controlled to reduce the spread of seed by birds.
Young plants can be uprooted with a weed wrench.
Larger plants can be cut and the stump painted immediately with neat glyphosate. The carpet of seedlings the emerge after removal of the mother plant can be manually removed, smothered with mulch or black plastic or sprayed with 1% glyphosate.
Hand spraying with 1L Grazon per 100 L water is likely to be the most effective eradication method but has not been tested in WA.
Rockspray Cotoneaster Cotoneaster microphyllus is invasive in the USA.
Silver-leaved Cotoneaster Cotoneaster pannosus is invasive in the USA.
Cotoneaster lacteus is invasive in the USA.
Plants of similar appearance:
Bodkin, F. (1986). Encyclopaedia Botanica. (Angus and Robertson, Australia).
Everist, S.L. (1974). Poisonous Plants of Australia. (Angus and Robertson, Sydney).
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd, S.G. (1997). Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. (Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia). P208. Photo.
Lamp, C. and Collet, F. (1990). A Field Guide to Weeds in Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne).
Lazarides, M. and Cowley, K. and Hohnen, P. (1997). CSIRO handbook of Australian Weeds. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #287.3, #287.7.
Randall, J.M. and Marinelli, J. (1996) Invasive Plants. (Brooklyn Botanic Gardens Inc. Brooklyn). P80. Photo.
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