Dual

1 Trade nameManufacturerForm
4FARMERS METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDE4 FARMERS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
ACCENSI METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDEACCENSI PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AGRO-ESSENCE METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDEAGRO-ALLIANCE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
ARYSTA LIFESCIENCE METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDEARYSTA LIFESCIENCE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AW SCRIMMAGE 720 HERBICIDEAGRI WEST PTY LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
BOUNCER HERBICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CHEMFORCE METOLACHLOR 720EC HERBICIDECHEMFORCE 2010 PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CHOICE METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDEGROW CHOICE PTY LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CONQUEST METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDECONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
EZYCROP METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDEEZYCROP PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
FARMOZ CLINCHER HERBICIDEADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
GENFARM METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDELANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
HALLEY METOLACHLOR HERBICIDEHALLEY INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
KENSO AGCARE METOKEN 720 HERBICIDEKENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
MACRO PROTECT METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDEMACROFERTIL AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
METAL 720 HERBICIDEIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
NOVAGUARD METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDENOVAGUARD PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
OZCROP METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDEOZCROP PTY. LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
RAINBOW METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDESHANDONG RAINBOW INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
RYGEL METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDEPROFENG AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SABAKEM METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDESABAKEM PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SMART METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDECROP SMART PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SPALDING METOLACHLOR 720 HERBICIDESPALDING HOLDINGS PTY. LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
STRADA HERBICIDESIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
WELLFARM METOLACHLOR 720 EC HERBICIDEWELLFARM PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE


2 PRICE:

$6.18/L

3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Metolachlor 720g/L

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: K

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

DevrinolNapropamide 500g/kg
DimethenamidDimethenamid-P 720 g/L
DualMetolachlor 720g/L
Dual GoldS-Metolachlor 960g/L
MetazachlorMetazachlor 500g/L
PyroxasulfonePyroxasulfone 850g/kg
Ramrod FlowablePropachlor 480g/L

6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

Metolachlor is a root and leaf absorbed translocated herbicide. It will control many grasses and some broadleaved weeds. Its main use is for pre-emergent weed control in cereals. It presents little hazard to the environment.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Metolachlor is normally applied to bare soil or in combination with a knock down herbicide. Rainfall is important to wash the herbicide from plant residue into the soil. High plant residue levels may reduce weed control (eg. 4 t/ha wheat straw reduced weed control by 20%). For grass weed control, the ideal placement for metolachlor is just above the germinating seeds. Deeper incorporation appears beneficial for broadleaved weed control. This may be due to metolachlor being more efficiently absorbed by shoots and cotyledons of grasses compared to roots and vice versa for broadleaved species. Metolachlor should not be applied to wetlands.

24 TOXICITY:

Mammalian toxicity - low.

Acute oral LD50 - 2780 mg/kg (rate)

Acute dermal LD50 - 10,000 mg/kg (rabbit)

Skin - not irritating

Eye - not irritating (formulated product probably is irritating)

Vapour Inhalation LC50> 1.7 mg/L - non toxic.

Chronic Oral Toxicity - NOEL 100 - 300 ppm.

Tentatively classified as showing limited evidence of carcinogenicity in animals.

It is not teratogenic or mutagenic does not cause reproductive effects.

Birds - low toxicity (LD50 2510 mg/kg)

Fish - moderate toxicity (LC50 4 - 10 ppm)

Invertebrates - low toxicity (LC50 25 ppm).

20 MODE OF ACTION:

Metolachlor is absorbed by the roots and young leaves of all germinating plants. It moves mainly in an upward direction and inhibits plant growth. The primary biochemical mechanism is unknown. Growth inhibition is due to a reduction in both cell division and enlargement. Longitudinal growth is reduced more than lateral growth. This results in a compact appearance of affected roots. Protein and fat synthesis, respiration, lignification and anthocyanin production are reduced. Hormonal effects also occurs resulting in hormone like symptoms.

Selectivity of metolachlor is due to the ability of tolerant plants to metabolise the herbicide more rapidly than sensitive plants. A number of commercial safeners and antidotes are used in conjunction with metolachlor to increase selectivity in crops.

Within the plant metolachlor is degraded by conjugation with gluthianone, deamination and side chain cleavage.

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

Seeds normally germinate but often fail to emerge. Seedlings that do emerge have stunted and abnormal growth. The first leaf may fail to unfold. Roots are stunted and compact. Leaf senescence may be delayed.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Metolachlor is degraded mainly by microbes in the field. The half life is normally 3 to 8 weeks and may be up to 12 weeks under cold, dry conditions in silty soils. The half life is usually longer in clay loams than sandy loams which is contrary to most other herbicides.

Volatilisation, photodecomposition surface runoff and leaching only account for minor amounts of degradation.

Metolachlor degrades in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in waterlogged soils. Thus contamination of ground water supplies is unlikely to cause significant problems. However, in the U.S.A. where large amounts of this herbicide are use it has been recorded, in some tap water samples and in ground water, in two states. It is not strongly bound to soils. Soil type only has a minor effect on the degree of binding.

Metolachlor is rapidly metabolised and almost totally excreted in the urine and faeces with a half life of approximately 24 hours. There is little build up in the tissues of animals.

31 PROPERTIES:

Solubility - 530 mg/L in water.

It has a leaching index of 6. (for comparison, trifluralin is 0-1 and chlorsulfuron is 25-30).
Trade NameManufacturer
DualNovartis
2. Concentration of Active Constituent : 720 g/L

3. Formulation : Emulsifiable Concentrate

4. Poison Schedule : 5

5. Trade name : Dual - Novartis

6. Product Colour : Yellow to brown liquid.

7. Product Flammability : Flammable.

8. Dangerous Goods Class :

9. Shelf Life : In excess of 2 years.

(When stored under ideal conditions)

10. Mixtures Compatibility : Flowable Gesaprim (atrazine)

11. Registered Crop(s) : Wheat, Barley, Pastures.

12. Effect of Soil Texture on Herbicide : Poor seed bed can result in uneven spray cover and weed germination to escape through 'holes' in the herbicide barrier. Leaching is inhibited by high clay and/or silt content.

13. Effect of Soil pH on Herbicide : Not significant.

14. Effect of Soil Organic Matter on Herbicide : Rapidly adsorbed by organic matter. Organic matter is the main constituent determining leaching behaviour as metolachlor is rapidly adsorbed

15. Mode of Action : Affects coleoptile absorption of nutrients, germinating monocotyledon seedlings absorb most metolachlor through the shoots, just above the seed. Dicotyledon plants appear to absorb the herbicide through both shoots and roots. Short residual pre-emergent.

16. Application Timing : Immediately after planting and before crop and weeds have emerged.

17. Rate Variation : 300 to 500 mL/ha.

18. Rates Selection : Lower rate in dry areas or when shorter residual control is required or in situations where crop competition is strong. Higher rate in wet areas or when longer residual control is required or in situations where crop competition is minimal.

19. Crop Damage (Crop Tolerance) :

20. Effect on Crop : Good crop tolerance.

21. Effect on Clover Species : Clovers have good tolerance. In trials Trikkala sub-clover; Haifa white; Maral Persian; Paradanna; Balansa and Redquin showed excellent tolerance to maximum registered rate.

22. Soil Moisture at Application :

DRY - Reduces effectiveness.

MOIST - Necessary for good results.

WATERLOGGED - Favours toad rush over crop, thus increasing pressure on herbicide and necessitating use of maximum label rate.

23. Frost Effects : Not applicable.

24. Frost Free Days Required After Application : Not applicable.

26. Recommended Water Volume : Sufficient to give good coverage of soil with equipment used.

27. Nozzle Type : Flat fan or hollow cone.

28. Recommended Nozzle Pressure : Follow manufacturer's recommendations.

30. Recommended Wetter : Nil.

31. Other Additives : Not applicable.

32. Rain Fastness : Not applicable.

33. Time Interval Before Effect is Noticed : Effects noted as reduced weed numbers reaching seedling stage.

36. Withholding Period : Nil.

37. Plant-Back Period : 6 months except for certain tolerant crops specified on the label.

38. Spray Tank Clean-Up : Wash thoroughly with clean water after use.

39. Other Comments : Apply after sowing and before crop and weeds emerge. Sufficient rain is needed within 10 days to move the Dual into the soil. If rain does not fall within this period lightly incorporate.

Numbered data from "Crop Herbicide Information"
Courtesy of A.J. Chambers, Vic. Dept of Food & Agric.

33 REFERENCES:

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.