|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|MACSPRED EUCMIX PRE PLANT WATER DISPERSIBLE HERBICIDE||MACSPRED PTY. LTD.||WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE|
|MACSPRED TRIMAC INDUSTRIAL HERBICIDE||MACSPRED PTY. LTD.||WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE|
|WEED FORCE WEED STOP HERBICIDE||WEED FORCE PTY LTD||WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS:Sulfometuron methyl 40g/kg + terbacil 880g/kgFormulation - water dispersible powder.
4 CHEMICAL GROUP: B, C. HerbicideSulfonylurea and Uracil group.
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:Sulfonylureas - Group B.
|Crusader||Pyroxsulam 215g/kg + cloquintocet-mexyl 451.5g/kg|
|Crusader||Pyroxsulam 30g/L + cloquintocet-mexyl 90g/L|
|Express||Tribenuron methyl 750g/kg|
|Flame||Imazapic 240g/L (to 900g/kg)|
|Harmony M||Metsulfuron 68g/kg + thifensulfuron-methyl 682g/kg|
|Imazapic plus Imazapyr||Imazapic 525 + Imazapyr 175g/L|
|Imazapyr||Imazapyr 250g/L or 750g/kg|
|Intervix||Imazamox 33g/L + imazapyr 15g/L|
|Iodosulfuron 100||Iodosulfuron 100g/kg|
|Iodosulfuron plus mefenpyr||Iodosulfuron 100g/L + mefenpyr|
|Lightning||Imazapyr 175g/L + imazethapyr 525g/L|
|Logran 750||Triasulfuron 750g/kg|
|Mesosulfuron 30||Mesosulfuron 30g/L|
|Raptor WG 700||Imazamox 700 g/kg|
|Spinnaker||Imazethapyr 700g/kg (or 240g/L)|
Uracils - Group C.
|Ametryn 500||Ametryn 500g/L|
|Atrazine 500 Flowable||Atrazine 500-600g/L|
|Atrazine 900 Granules||Atrazine 900g/kg|
|Atrazine plus Simazine||Atrazine 250g/L + simazine 250g/L|
|Bromacil 800||Bromacil 800g/kg|
|Cyanazine 900||Cyanazine 900g/kg|
|Forest Mix||Atrazine 620g/kg + hexazinone 210 g/kg|
|Forest Mix Granules||Atrazine 150g/kg + hexazinone 50 g/kg|
|Gesagard 500 SC||Prometryn 500g/L|
|Graslan||Tebuthiuron 200g/kg (or400g/kg or600g/kg)|
|Linuron 500||Linuron 500g/L or 500g/kg (or800g/kg)|
|Metribuzin 750||Metribuzin 750g/kg|
|Metribuzin plus Simazine||Metribuzin + simazine|
|Metribuzin plus Tribunil||Metribuzin 140g/kg + Methabenzthiazuron 560g/kg|
|Prometryn 900||Prometryn 900g/kg|
|Propanil||Propanil 360 g/L (600g/L)|
|Sencor 480||Metribuzin 480g/L|
|Simazine Flowable 500||Simazine 500g/L|
|Simazine Granules 900||Simazine 900g/kg|
|Terbacil 800||Terbacil 800g/kg|
|Terbuthylazine||Terbuthylazine 750 g/kg (or800-875g/kg)|
|Terbutryn 500||Terbutryn 500g/L (or 750g/kg)|
|Velpar||Hexazinone 750g/kg (or 250g/L)|
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:A translocated, residual, non selective, pre and early post emergent herbicide for the control of many weeds before transplanting Eucalypts, in particular Tasmanian Blue Gums (Eucalyptus globulus) and Shining Gums (Eucalyptus nitens). It is of low toxicity to mammals, birds and fish. Its main environmental hazard is transport in water over recently treated areas or drift on the day of spraying. Plants resistant to sulfometuron have developed and are expected after repeated use.
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Plant healthy seedlings that are at least 20 cm tall, preferably 4 weeks after application.
Best results on bare soil or where weeds have less than 4 leaves and rain follows within a week or two and soil remains moist.
May kill desirable plants if not correctly applied.
Don't use near desirable trees or vegetation.
May cause off site damage after heavy rainfall or runoff.
Don't use within 60 metres of waterways or dams.
Don't use on land with slopes greater than 30 degrees.
Don't use on poorly drained, rocky or gravelly soils or where subsoil exposed.
May cause severe damage as a post planting treatment.
Continuously agitate the spray solution.
8 WEATHER:Rainfast in 6 hours.
Frost effects: Post emergence activity is less on frost affected plants. Increase risk of crop damage in frosty weather due to slow tree growth.
Wind: Drift may affect adjoining crops. Spray when wind is away from sensitive areas. A 100 m buffer is usually sufficient for a 20 kph wind with medium to coarse droplets.
Inversions: Don't apply in inversion conditions as damaging levels of drift can move kilometre or more.
Temperature: Symptoms are slower to develop under low temperature conditions.
Delta T and relative humidity: Avoid application when Delta T is greater than
9 ADJUVANTS:Do not use adjuvants or crop injury may occur.
10 WATER QUALITY:Hard water:
11 COMPATIBILITY:Trace elements.
See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.
12 EQUIPMENT:Apply by ground or aircraft.
Recommended Water Volume is 30 - 400 L/ha for boom application. 30-50 L/ha for aerial application.
Flat fan nozzles (110015 to 11003) at 200-300 kPa with 50 mesh filters are a common set up.
13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:Clean up:
Remove nozzles and filters and clean separately. Triple rinse with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. This procedure is sufficient for spraying in other cereals or non selective applications.
Remove the nozzles and screens and clean separately and allow to soak in a mixture of 500 mL chlorine bleach per 10 L water for at least 30 minutes.
Rinse sprayer with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Drain tank and flush with clean water for a minimum of 10 minutes to remove all traces of liquid fertilisers or adjuvants containing ammonia, such as ammonium sulphate or ammonium nitrate, before adding chlorine bleach, because bleach and ammonia will react to release a toxic gas.
Fill tank with clean water and add 300 mL household chlorine (4%) bleach per 100 L water, flush through hoses and boom then stand for 15 minutes with agitation engaged, repeat. Rinse tank, hoses and boom thoroughly with clean water to remove traces of bleach.
Rinse screens and nozzles and replace.
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:Resistant populations of weeds occur. Repeated application may lead to the development of tolerance to the herbicide
15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:
|Most broadacre crops||12 months or more depending on rate.|
16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
Don't graze after spraying.
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing if in contact with plants before the spray has dried.
18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:When handling concentrate use face shield or goggles, cotton overalls, washable hat, PVC gloves, chemical resistant boots.
19 SOIL:Longer residual on high pH alkaline soils.
More likely to leach and cause crop damage on soils with low clay and organic mater contents.
Don't use on gravelly or rocky soils or those with exposed subsoil.
Moisture required for herbicide action.
Ineffective on dry soils.
Reduced weed control and may be crop damage on waterlogged soils.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Sulfonylurea component Inhibits the ALS enzyme. Uracil component inhibits photosynthesis at photosystem II.
Most of the product is absorbed by the roots because it is applied as a granule. Absorption by roots from the soil solution is not as efficient as leaf absorption by formulations that sprayed, but this is compensated for by better movement up to the leaves. Within the plant, sulfometuron stops cell division very quickly by its action on the ALS enzyme. Degradation products are non toxic and herbicidally inactive. Secondary effects on photosynthesis, respiration and ethylene production produce the symptoms of yellowing and reddening of grasses and leaf drop in broad-leaved weeds.
Species tolerant to sulfometuron such as the Bermuda grass (couch) degrade it more quickly than do sensitive plants. Herbicide resistance appears to be due to plants with a less sensitive ALS enzyme.
It does not normally affect seed germination.
Uptake and translocation:Absorbed by roots and leaves.
Physiological effects:Residual Life and Breakdown:
May damage small or stressed transplanted trees.
The tolerance of crops or trees to sulfometuron is reduced in soils with high pH, sandy soils, soils with marginal zinc, manganese or copper levels and if leaching rains occur soon after spraying.
On areas where sulfometuron has induced trace element deficiencies the following may reduce losses;
1 kg zinc sulphate plus
1 kg copper sulphate (or 0.5 kg copper oxychloride) plus
4 kg manganese sulphate (or 6 L Mangasol) plus
250 mL wetting agent in 100 L/ha of water applied in the cool of the day or at night.
5-7 days later spray a mix of 30 kg Urea in 100 L/ha water in the cool of the day. Pre mix urea in water to prevent freezing in the spray tank.
Varietal sensitivities:Effect on Clover Species:
Effect on Medic Species:Kills medics.
Effect on Lucerne:Kills or severely damages lucerne
Effect on Native Plants:Eucalypts are reasonably tolerant. Low levels of run off not expected to cause significant problems. Water flowing from treated areas can cause significant damage along the water courses.
22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:
Growth stops soon after application. About a week later plants will start to yellow or redden. In broad-leaved weeds this may be an intervenal yellowing. Annual weeds are usually dead within 4 weeks of spraying. Under cold and wet conditions they may remain alive as severely stunted plants with few roots and die from water stress in spring. Sulfometuron and terbacil has little effect on germination and weeds may emerge and grow for a week or two before dying.
Low toxicity to mammals, birds, bees and invertebrates. Toxic to algae.
May cause eye, nose and throat irritation.
Poison schedule: Sulfometuron S5.
Mammalian toxicity: low.
Acute oral LD50: >5000 mg/kg (rat). Low toxicity.
Acute dermal LD50: =2000 mg/kg (rat). >2000 mg/kg (rabbit). Low toxicity.
Skin: Mild to not irritating (Guinea pig). Not a skin sensitizer.
Eye: minimal to mildly irritating and reversible.
Vapour inhalation LC50: >5.3 mg/L air for rats for 4 hours. Low toxicity.
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL: 50 ppm for two years in rats, 200 ppm in dog. Low toxicity.
Not carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer). At very high doses of 5000 ppm reduced fecundity has been observed and some maternal deaths.
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):
Other Species: Birds: Practically non toxic.
Acute dietary LC50 >5000 ppm for mallard ducks and bobwhite quail for sulfometuron methyl.
8 day dietary LC50 >5000 ppm.
Fish: low toxicity.
LC50 >12.5 ppm, sulfometuron.
96 hr LC50 >148 mg/L for rainbow trout and bluegill sunfish, sulfometuron.
Invertebrates: low toxicity.
48 hr NOEC >150 mg/L for sulfometuron, Daphnia magna.
Bees: Practically non toxic. LD50 >12.5 ug/bee, sulfometuron.
Details:Poison schedule: Not a scheduled poison.
Mammalian toxicity: Moderate.
Acute oral LD50: 934 mg/kg (female rat, terbacil), 1255 mg/kg (male rat, terbacil) [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50: > 5000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin: Not irritating. Not sensitising (Guinea pig)
Eye: Mild reversible irritant (rabbit)
Vapour inhalation: LC50 > 5.3 mg/L air (rat). Low toxicity.
Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL 50 mg/kg for two years.
Not carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems).
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):
Other Species: Birds: Low toxicity.
Oral LC50 >715 mg/kg for bobwhite quail, terbacil
Oral LC50 >5000 mg/kg for mallard duck, terbacil
Fish: Moderate toxicity
96 hr LC50 >46.2 mg/L for rainbow trout, terbacil.
96 hr LC50 >102.9 mg/kg for bluegill sunfish, terbacil.
Invertebrates: Moderate toxicity.
48 hr LC50 68 mg/L for terbacil, Daphnia.
Bees: Low toxicity.
Algae: Very toxic.
96 hr EC50 = 0.03 mg/L for terbacil, green algae.
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:Single doses of sulfometuron do not usually evoke any symptoms in animals.
Repeated high doses may lead to red blood cell destruction and other effects.
May cause eye irritation, discomfort, tearing or blurred vision.
Overexposure on skin may cause a rash.
26 FIRST AID: for Oral Intake:Contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26.
If Swallowed - Contact a doctor.
If on Skin - Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
If in Eyes - Flush with water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.
If Inhaled - Remove patient from contaminated area to fresh air.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically. No antidote known.
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:Sulfometuron
Half life in soil: Sulfometuron has a half life in soil of about 12 months. Its half life is much longer in soils with high pH. At a soil pH of less than 7 it is broken down by hydrolysis and microbial degradation. At a pH of more than 8 there is little hydrolysis and only microbial breakdown. Breakdown is most rapid in warm, moist, acid and light textured soils with a high organic level.
Half life in water: 18 days at pH5 and 25 C. 1.8 days at pH5 and 35 C. 20 days at Little is naturally degraded due to exposure to sunlight and volatilisation.
On the EPA classification of mobility in the soil it ranges from low mobility to mobile depending on the soil type. Mobility usually increases with increasing soil pH and decreasing organic matter.
Ground water contamination:
Accumulation in milk and tissues: Sulfometuron does not accumulate in the milk or tissues of animals. Most is excreted intact in the urine of monogastric animals or as a conjugate in ruminants.
pH stability: More stable at higher pH.
Photolysis rate: Low.
Hydrolysis half life: Depends on pH. It is shorter at low pH and high temperatures.
Biodegradation rate: Slow.
TerbacilDo not use near desirable vegetation.
Half life in soil: Months
Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Hydrolysis half life:
28 REGISTERED CROPS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
29 REGISTERED WEEDS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:UN number: None allocated.
CAS numbers: Sulfometuron 74222-97-2. Terbacil 5902-51-2.
Hazchem code: None allocated.
NOHSC classification: Not hazardous. No risk or safety phrases.
Land transport:Dangerous goods class: Not a dangerous good. No special transport requirements.
Sea transport:No special transport requirements.
Proper shipping name:
31 PROPERTIES:Colour: White.
Form: Solid granules, dry flowable.
Water solubility at 25 C. - 8 ppm at pH 5; 70 ppm at pH 7. Disperses in water.
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - 15 at pH 5; 0.31 at pH 7 for sulfometuron.
LogPow 1.91 for terbacil.
Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc):
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. - Very low. 5.5 x 10-16 for sulfometuron.
Dissociation constant - 5.2 pKa (sulfometuron)
Melting point - 203 - 205 C for sulfometuron methyl.
Boiling point: C.
Molecular weight - 364.39
Bulk density: 1.3 g/cm3 for product
pH 8 at 35 C (sulfometuron). Similar acidity to vinegar or acetic acid.
Flammability: Not flammable.
Flammable limit in air: LEL = g/L. Not normally an explosion hazard but dust may form an explosive mixture with air.
Shelf Life: 5 years.
(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)
32 SPILLS:Sweep up spilt material.
33 FIRE:Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
Fine dust in air may explode if exposed to a high temperature ignition source.
Prevent contaminated water reaching desirable vegetation.
34 COMMENTS:33 REFERENCES:
Ashton, F.M. and Crafts, A.S. (1981) Mode of Action of Herbicides. (Wiley-Interscience publication).
Kearney, P.C. and Kaufman, D.D. (1976). Herbicides. Chemistry, degradation and mode of action. Vol 1 & 2.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.