Vitis vinifera L.
Petiole - Yes.
Blade - Large, 3-7 lobed, obvious veins, dark green on top and lighter underneath.
Stems:Vine with stringy bark
Petals - 5, united at the tip and fall as a cap.
3-7 lobed large leaves.
Stem is a vine with stringy bark.
Fruit are berries occurring in bunches.
Physiology:Sensitive to late spring frosts.
Low chilling requirement.
Reproduction:Seeds and cuttings.
Seed Biology and Germination:Vegetative Propagules:
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread mainly by intentional planting. Seeds will also germinate and establish. Pruning and cuttings will take root where they contact the soil.
Origin and History:Mediterranean. Turkey.
Introduced for cultivation.
The first vineyard was in Governor Phillips garden in Parramatta in 1789 using cuttings from Rio de Janeiro and Cape Town
Distribution:ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Courtesy Australia's Virtual Herbarium.
Warm to hot regions with an annual rainfall of more than 500 mm, preferably without summer rains.
Soil:Grows on a wide range of soils but prefer sandy loams to clay loams.
Grapes used for making wine, juice, vinegar, sultanas, currants, raisins or eaten fresh.
Management and Control:
Sensitive to Phylloxera and commercial vineyards often use resistant rootstocks in areas where it is common.
Sensitive to nematodes, Bud Mites, Light Brown Apple Moth, Vine Scale, Black spot, Botrytis (Grey Mould), Downy Mildew, Powdery Mildew, Pythium Crown Rot and Leaf Roll Virus.
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #1273.1.
Reid, R.L. (1990) The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P175-177.
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.