Flower head:Flowers in loose, short racemes or umbels which are usually axillary.
Fruit:Fruit releases seed when ripe.
Seeds:2, flat, with a membranous, usually broad, wing.
Flowering times:Seed Biology and Germination:
Origin and History:Distribution:
Detrimental:Little forage value.
Toxicity:Some species may contain toxic levels hydrocyanic (prussic) acid.
Treatment:Remove stock from infested areas or provide alternative feed.
Legislation:The Wildlife Conservation Act prohibits removal of native plants from the wild in their native range on government land.
Management and Control:Physical removal is usually effective. Suckering species may require spraying.
Herbicide resistance:None reported
Biological Control:Unlikely because there are many closely related native species.
Related plants:Candle Hakea (Hakea ruscifolia)
Plants of similar appearance:Banksia spp.
References:Auld, B.A. and Medd R.W. (1992). Weeds. An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne).