Indaziflam

1 Trade nameManufacturerForm
ESPLANADE HERBICIDEBAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTDSUSPENSION CONCENTRATE

2 PRICE:

$667/L

3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Indaziflam 500g/L

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: O

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

CasoronDichlobenil 67.5g/kg (or 40g/kg)
GalleryIsoxaben 750 g/kg
IndaziflamIndaziflam 500g/L

6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A selective, pre-emergence, root absorbed, residual herbicide applied as spray in water for control of some grasses and broadleaf weeds in non crop areas and forestry.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Best results on moist, weed free soil with rain following within a few weeks of spraying.
Requires at least 6 mm rain within several weeks after application to activate the herbicide.
Add a knockdown herbicide if emerged weeds are present.
Poorer results where heavy stubble if present.
It does not control emerged weeds tubers, rhizomes and woody vegetation
Do not irrigate to the point of runoff for at least 3 days after application.
Do not apply to waterlogged soil.
Do not apply if heavy rains or storms are forecast within 3 days.

8 WEATHER:

Rainfast in 0 hours .
Frost effects:
Wind: 3-20 km/hr to reduce the risk of drift.
Inversions: Do not apply during hazardous temperature inversions.
Temperature:
Delta T and relative humidity:

9 ADJUVANTS:

Wetting agents: Not required.
Spray oils: Not required.

10 WATER QUALITY:

Hard water:
Salty water:
Colloids:
pH:
Tank life: Long.

11 COMPATIBILITY:

Trace elements.
See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.

12 EQUIPMENT:

Boom sprays:

Carrier volume: 150-400 L/ha on label. Volumes down to 50 L/ha are fine with finer nozzles.
Nozzles: Flat fan.
Pressure: 150-400 kPa.
Droplet size: Use coarse droplets to reduce the risk of drift.
Boom height: 50 cm or less on label to reduce the risk of drift.

Aerial application:

Carrier volume:

13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:

Clean up:
Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove.
Remove nozzles and filters and clean separately. Triple rinse with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. This procedure is sufficient for spraying in other cereals or non selective applications.
Decontamination:
Remove the nozzles and filters and clean separately and allow to soak in a mixture of 500 mL chlorine bleach (4%) per 10 L water for at least 30 minutes.
Rinse sprayer with soapy water (e.g. 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Drain tank and flush with clean water for a minimum of 10 minutes to remove all traces of liquid fertilisers or adjuvants containing ammonia, such as ammonium sulphate or ammonium nitrate, before adding chlorine bleach, because bleach and ammonia will react to release a toxic gas.
Fill tank with clean water and add 300 mL household chlorine (4%) bleach per 100 L water, flush through hoses and boom then stand for 15 minutes with agitation engaged, repeat. Rinse tank, hoses and boom thoroughly with clean water to remove traces of bleach.
Rinse filters and nozzles in water and replace then rinse the whole system with water again.

14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:

Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.

15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:

CropTime

16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

CropTypeTime
AllGrazing 
AllHarvest 

17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:

Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.

18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.

19 SOIL:

Soil texture:
Soil pH:
Soil organic matter:
Soil moisture at application: Best results on moist soil.

20 MODE OF ACTION:

Alkylazines or Group O.

Uptake and translocation:

Physiological effects:

Inhibits cell wall or cellulose biosynthesis (CB inhibitor).

Residual Life and Breakdown:

Not readily biodegradable.

21 SELECTIVITY:

Crop tolerance:

Varietal sensitivities:

Effect on Clover Species: Damages clover pre em.

Effect on Medic Species: Damages medic pre em.

Effect on Lucerne:

Effect on Native Plants: Damages some germinating native plants.

22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

SECONDARY EFFECTS:

24 TOXICITY:

Summary: Low toxicity.

Details:

SUSMP classification (Poison schedule): S6.
Mammalian toxicity:
Acute oral LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin: Non-sensitizing. (Mouse)
Eye: Moderate irritation.
Vapour inhalation: LC50 >2.53 mg/L air (rat).
Not carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems in animal tests).
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure: Indaziflam caused neurobehavioral effects and/or neuro-pathological changes in sub-chronic studies in rats and dogs.
Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):

Other Species:

Birds: toxicity.
Fish: High toxicity. LC50 (Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill sunfish)) 0.85 mg/L

Exposure time: 96 hour.
Invertebrates: High toxicity. EC50 (Daphnia magna (Water flea)) > 100 mg/L

Exposure time: 48 hour.
Bees: toxicity.
Arthropods: toxicity.
Earthworms:
Algae: EC50 (Raphidocelis subcapitata (freshwater green alga)) 0.094 mg/L (72 hour)
Aquatic plants: EC50 (Lemna gibba (gibbous duckweed)) 0.000151 mg/L

Growth rate; Exposure time: 7 days
Accumulation: Does not bioaccumulate.

25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

No specific symptoms.

26 FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED: Wash out mouth with water. Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient. See a doctor or call the poison information centre on 131126 immediately.
If in EYES: Hold eyelids open and wash eyes with plenty of water for 5 minutes, remove contact lenses if present and wash for a further 10 minutes. See a doctor if symptoms persist.
If on SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. See a doctor if symptoms persist.
Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically. In case of ingestion gastric lavage should be considered in cases of significant ingestions only within the first 2 hours. However, the application of activated charcoal and sodium sulphate is always advisable. There is no specific antidote and no specific symptoms.
Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Half life in soil: ~weeks
Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.
Moderately mobile in soils.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
It has a leaching index of . (for comparison, trifluralin is 0-1 and chlorsulfuron is 25-30).
Ground water contamination:
Accumulation in milk and tissues: Does not bioaccumulate.
pH stability:
Photolysis rate:
Hydrolysis half life:
Biodegradation rate: Not rapidly biodegradable.
Bioconcentration factor (BCF): 66.
Does not bioaccumulate.

28 REGISTERED CROPS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

29 REGISTERED WEEDS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:

APVMA Numbers: 86235.
UN number: 3082
CAS numbers: 950782-86-2.
OPP Chemical Code:
Hazchem code: 3Z.
SWA classification:
Land transport: ADG
Dangerous goods class (ADG):
UN number: 3082

Transport hazard class: 9

Subsidiary Risk: None

Packaging group: III

Description of the goods: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (INDAZIFLAM SOLUTION)

Hazchem Code: 3Z
Sea transport: IMDG
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG):
Proper shipping name: : ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (INDAZIFLAM SOLUTION)
Technical Name: INDAZIFLAM
Hazard Class: 9
ID Number: .
Packaging group: III
EMS Number:
EPG:
Marine Pollutant: Yes
Air transport: IATA/ICAO
Proper Shipping Name: : ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (INDAZIFLAM SOLUTION)
Technical Name: INDAZIFLAM
ID Number:
Packaging group: III
Cargo Packing Instructions:
Passenger Packing Instructions:
Environmental Hazard: Yes
Risk phrases:
May cause damage to organs (nervous system) through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Safety phrases:
Hazard Statements:
GHS HSIS (Hazardous Substances Information System)
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure: Category 2

H373 May cause damage to organs (Nervous system) through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Acute aquatic toxicity: Category 1

H400 Very toxic to aquatic life.

Chronic aquatic toxicity: Category 1

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Hazard Symbols:
Records: Are required within 24 hours and kept for 2 years.
Buffer zones:
Sensitive vegetation - 40 metres
Aquatic areas - 10 metres.

31 PROPERTIES:

Colour: white to light beige.
Odour: weak, characteristic
Form: Suspension.
Chemical name:
Empirical formula:
IUPAC:
CAS: 950782-86-2.
Water solubility: Suspension. mg/L at 25 C at pH
Oil solubility:
Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = 3.7 (20 C) (pH 7)
Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc): 496.
Vapour Pressure: at 25 C.
Vapour density:
Dissociation constant: pKa
Melting point: C.
Boiling point: C.
Molecular weight:
Bulk density:
Specific gravity: 1.10 g/cm³ ( 20 °C)
Viscosity: 250 - 400 mPa.s ( 20 °C) Velocity gradient 20 /s

100 - 250 mPa.s ( 20 °C) Velocity gradient 100 /s
Surface tension: 30.9 mN/m ( 25 °C, undiluted form).
pH: 7.0 - 8.5 (1 %) (23 °C)

7.5 - 9.5 (100 %) (23 °C)
Flammability: Not explosive.
Flashpoint: >100 C.
Autoignition: 555 C.
Corrosivity:
Shelf Life: years.
(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)

32 SPILLS:

Extinguish possible sources of ignition.
Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material such as vermiculite.
Ventilate area after cleanup.

33 FIRE:

Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.

34 COMMENTS:

35 REFERENCES:

Bayer (2020) Esplanade label INDA500_86235-115084

Bayer (2020) Esplanade SDS INDA500_86235-0519

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.