Order: FabalesFamily: Fabaceae
Summary:A summer growing annual or perennial legume with long twining stems and purple or white pea type flowers.
Stems:Running vine. Branched. Twining and climbing.
Flowers:Purple or white. Pea type. 12-25 mm long.
Seeds:Cultivar Highworth has 4000-6000 seeds/kg and Rongai has 3600-4300 seeds/kg.
Key Characters:Flattened pod.
Physiology:Sensitive to frost.
Seed Biology and Germination:Vegetative Propagules:
Hybrids:Several cultivars exist including the mid season Highworth and late season Rongai.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Soil:Grows well on acid soils of low fertility and also very responsive to fertiliser.
Plant Associations:Brigalow, Coastal tropical plants.
Origin and History:Tropical areas. East Africa.
Distribution:NSW, SA, NT, QLD, WA.
Detrimental:Weed of other crops and wastelands.
Toxicity:Occasionally causes bloat.
Management and Control:Requires rotational grazing to maintain it as a pasture.
Herbicide resistance:None reported.
Related plants:None in the same species in Australia.
Plants of similar appearance:Beans, Peas, Vetches.
References:Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #711.1.