Egg - Flat. Scale like. May be laid singly or in batches with the eggs overlapping each other.
Habits - Can't fly when cold. Most produce pheromones.
Body - Has tufts stiff bristles which will penetrate and irritate the skin if handled. Bristles stick out of stout, silken cocoon case also, providing similar protection. 10-30mm long, 5-10mm wide.
Mouthparts - Chewing.
Antennae - Short. 3 segments.
Legs - 5 segments. Single claw on end.
Head - Hard.
Thorax - 10-11 segments. Spiracles on segments 1 to 8. Prolegs on segments 3, 6 and 10. Hard pro-thoracic shield.
Habits - Feed during day. Herbivorous. Join leaves and shoots or tunnel into flower spikes, fruit, stems or galls.
Pupa has 2 rows of spines across its back. Usually in shelter made by larva.
Origin and History:
Caterpillars of this family feed attack avocado, banksia flower spikes, bursaria, callistemon, cotton, eucalypts, hibbertia, lucerne, mallows, melaleuca and mistletoe. These often feed between joined living leaves.
Some bore into the nuts of macadamias and the stems of cyperaceae and Juncaceae.
Australian light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) feed on a wide range of introduced and native species.
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a serious pest of pome fruits (apples and pears) and Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) attacks stone fruit.
Epinotia lantana has been introduced to help control lantana weed.
Management and Control:
Potential for control using synthetic pheromones.
CSIRO. The Insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press. (1991) p54, 182, 251, 819f41.3, 823f41.8genitals, 826f41.10head, 827f41.11larva,829eggs, 870, 871f41.7a-h, 872f41.48Wings, 873, 874, 961, 962, 969.
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 for more information.