Metaldehyde Bait

1_Trade_NameManufacturerForm
4FARMERS METALDEHYDE SNAIL AND SLUG BAIT4 FARMERS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDBAIT
BAITEM SNAIL & SLUG KILLER PELLETSTRIOX PTY. LTD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
BETTA GROWER SNAIL & SLUG BAITBETTA-GROWER FERTILIZERS PTY LTDBAIT
CHEMAG SNAIL & SLUG BUSTERIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
DAVID GRAYS SNAIL KILLER PELLETSDAVID GRAY & CO. PTY LIMITEDBAIT
DEFENDER PETREPEL SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSSCOTTS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDBAIT
DEFENDER SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSSCOTTS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
FARMALINX SNAIL TRAIL SNAIL AND SLUG PELLETSFARMALINX PTY LTDBAIT
GENFARM SWIPA SLUG AND SNAIL PELLETSLANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITEDBAIT
GRENADE SNAIL AND SLUG BAITKYM ALAN MAXWELL/JULIE KAY MAXWELL T/A KA & JK MAXWELLBAIT
HORTICO SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSDULUXGROUP (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDBAIT
IMTRADE METAKILL SNAIL & SLUG BAITIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDBAIT
KENSO AGCARE SLUG & SNAIL PELLETSKENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
META SLUG AND SNAIL PELLETSCROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
METAREX MICRO SLUG BAITDE SANGOSSE SAPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
METAREX SNAIL AND SLUG BAITDE SANGOSSE SAPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
MISSION SNAIL-DEAD BAITMISSION BELL HOLDINGS PTY LTDBAIT
MUNNS A FAMILY COMPANY SNAIL & SLUG MINI PELLETS EACH SACHET PROTECTS 5M2 OF GARDENDULUXGROUP (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
OZCROP SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSOZCROP PTY. LTD.BAIT
OZTEC SNAIL BAIT PELLETSOZTEC RURAL PTY LTDBAIT
PESTMASTER SNAIL & SLUG NEW MINI PELLETSTRIOX PTY. LTD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
PESTMASTER SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSTRIOX PTY. LTD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
Relyon Jekyll Snail and Slug KillerRURALCO HOLDINGS LIMITEDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
RICHGRO SNAIL AND SLUG KILLER PELLETSA. RICHARDS PTY LTD T/A RICHGRO GARDEN PRODUCTSPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
Searles Snail & Slug PelletsJ C & A T SEARLE PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SIPCAM SCUTTLE SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSSIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SIRDAR SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSHOME TIMBER & HARDWARE GROUP PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SLIMEBUSTER: "THE POWER PELLET" SNAIL AND SLUG BAITDE SANGOSSE SABAIT
SLUG & SNAIL B'GON PELLETSSCOTTS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDBAIT
SLUGEM SNAIL & SLUG KILLER PELLETSTRIOX PTY. LTD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SLUGGER SLUG AND SNAIL PELLETSADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITEDBAIT
SLUGOUT ALL WEATHER SLUG AND SNAIL BAITCROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDGRANULAR FORMULATION
Smart Cargo Snail BaitCROP SMART PTY LTDPELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SMASHEM SNAIL & SLUG KILLER PELLETSTRIOX PTY. LTD.PELLET (EG SNAIL BAIT)
SNAILEX 15 G/KG METALDEHYDE SLUG AND SNAIL PELLETSWILHELM RURAL PTY LTDBAIT
YATES BLITZEM SNAIL & SLUG PELLETSDULUXGROUP (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDBAIT

4. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Metaldehyde 15-18g/kg

5. COST: $1.54 per L or kg.

6. CHEMICAL GROUP: .

7. RELATED PESTICIDES:


8. GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A snail and slug bait for agricultural and horticultural use

9. APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Don't heap pellets
Multiple applications at low rates are more effective than single applications at a high rate.
Keep away from pets, poultry and animals as consumption of pellets may be fatal

10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:

Not applicable

11. EQUIPMENT:

Use spreaders that uniformly apply the pellets.

12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:

13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:

Not applicable
Spread straight from the bag.

14. WEATHER:

Apply after rain during humid overcast weather when snails and slugs are active.

15. RAINFASTNESS:

16. SOIL:

No specific effect.

17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:

Goof crop safety.

18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

Don't apply within 7 days of harvest.
Avoid application to edible parts of plants
Don't apply within 7 days of harvest.
Avoid application to edible parts of plants

19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:

None required

20. MODE OF ACTION:

Death of slugs and snails within a day of consuming pellets.

21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:

Some species may be resistant or develop resistance with continued application. Rotate with products from alternative groups.

22. TOXICITY:

Poison schedule - S5
Summary:
Details:
Poison schedule - S5
Mammalian toxicity - Slight to moderate toxicity
Acute oral LD50 - 227-690 mg/kg (rats), 207 mg/kg (cats). 100-1000 mg/kg (dogs) ~75-100 mg/kg (children). A child death has been reported after ingesting 3000 mg of metaldehyde. [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal: Moderate toxicity. LD50 - 2275 - >5000 mg/kg (rats).
Skin - Mild irritant. Repeated exposure may caus dermatitis.
Eye - Mild irritant. Not a sensitser. Repeated exposure may cause conjunctivitis.
Vapour inhalation - Moderately toxic. LC50 - >0.2 to >15 mg/L air (4 hour rat) and 0.35 mg/L (2 hour mice).
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - 5 mg/kg/day.
Reproduction - High doses of 50-250 mg/kg/day interfered with reproduction and offspring survival in rats.
Not carcinogenic or teratogenic in animal studies. Suspected mutagen in some tests.
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) - 0.005 mg/kg/day.
Metaldehyde and its metabolites may cause kidney lesions and affect the central nervous system.
It is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream. The main breakdown product is acetaldehyde. Metabolite can cross the blood brain barrier and affect the level of consciousness.

23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

Within a few hours of ingestion - severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, fever, convulsions, coma and persistant memory loss.

24. FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED -
If in EYES - Irrigate for 15 minutes with plenty of water.
If on SKIN - Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.
If INHALED - Remove patient to fresh air.
If patient has symptoms or is concerned contact a doctor immediately.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically. Symptoms may take several hours to develop. Consider gastric lavage, after intubation, and administration of activated charcoal and a saline cathartic. Convulsions may be treated with intravenous (IV) diazepam.
Call Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Elbow length PVC gloves preferred but not essential if spreading by hand..
Cotton overalls and washable hat.
Boots.

26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:

None required

27. PROPERTIES:

Product appearance - Green pellets. Slight acetaldehyde odour.
Shelf Life -
Product Flammability - Not explosive. Combustible.
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - ppm at pH. Not soluble to slowly dissolve in water.
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. - 6600 mPa (metaldehyde).
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - decomposes before melting.
Boiling point - Not applicable.
Molecular weight -
Density -
LogPow - 0.12 (metaldehyde)

28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Summary - Biodegradable.
Birds - Moderate toxicity. LD50 = 170 mg/kg. Bird deaths have been reported.
Fish - Practically non toxic. LC50(96hr) = 75 mg/L.
Invertebrates -Practically non toxic. EC50(48hr) >90 mg/L (daphnia)
Algae - LC50(96 hr) = 73.5 mg/L
Bees - Not toxic. Baits with up to 6% metaldehyde are not toxic to bees.
It has a half life in soil of several days. It is weakly absorbed onto organic matter and clay.
In water it rapidly hydrolyses to acetaldehyde.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination is unlikely due to it low persistance.
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Pellets decompose to leave no harmful residue.
Toxicity to wildlife has been reported with baits containing more than 4% metalehyde.
Flowers may loose their colour when exposed to metaldehyde.

29. COMPATIBILITY:

See HerbiGuide for compatibility with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
Not applicable

30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.

See HerbiGuide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.

31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:

Dangerous Goods Class - Not a dangereous good.
Hazchem Code - Not hazardous.
Packaging Group -
Initial Emergency Response Guide IERG -
UN Number - None allocated
NOHSC Classification and phrases -
CAS No - 108-62-3

32. References:

Crop Care (2006) MSDS 05/06
Farmoz (2003) MSDS 11/03

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.HerbiGuide.com.au for more information.