A rhizomatous, grass-like plant with shiny leaves, triangular stems and globular seed heads.
Shorter or longer than stems
Blade - Shiny, limp, weak, 1.5-3 mm wide, keeled.
Scattered along rhizome or tufted. Erect or obliquely ascending. 50-400 mm long by 0.5-1 mm wide. Triangular cross section. Ribbed. Long, creeping, branched under ground rhizomes.
Condensed spike, almost globular, flat topped cluster, with up to 100 tiny flowers. On end of stems. 2-4 long leaf like bracts, under and longer than the flower head. Bracts erect or spreading and sometimes longer than the stems.
Spikelets - green or yellowish, 2-3 mm long by x 1 mm wide. Flat. Single flowered.
Florets - Style with 2 branches.
Glumes - Two, pale green to yellowish brown, sharp pointed, overlapping, 2-3 mm long, very thin. Keel may be smooth or with teeth and a bent back tip. Upper glume has 3-4 veins, lower glume has 2.
Stamens - one.
Anthers - 1 mm long.
1-1.5 mm, lens shaped, flattened.
Rhizome. Long and branched.
Spikelets 1 flowered, glumes overlapping pale green to yellowish and very thin. 2 style branches. Nut lens shaped.
Perennial. Flowers November - April.
By seed and rhizomes.
November to April in Perth.
Seed Biology and Germination:
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread by seed and rhizomes.
Origin and History:
America, Africa, Asia and Queensland.
ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, WA.
From Perth to north of Broome in WA.
Weed of lawns, gardens, pastures and disturbed wetlands.
Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:
There are 38 Cyperus species recognised as economic plants by CSIRO the most common are:
Boredrain Sedge (C. laevigatus)
Clubrush (C. hamulosus)
Dirty Dora (C. difformis)
Dense Flatsedge (C. congestus)
Downs Nutgrass (C. bifax)
Dwarf Sedge (C. pygmaeus)
Dwarf White Kyllingia (C. kyllingia)
Flat Sedge (C. sanguinolentus)
Giant Sedge (C. exaltatus)
Kyllinga weed (C. sesquiflorus, C. sphaeroideus)
Mullumbimby Couch (C. brevifolius)
Nalgoo (C. bulbosus)
Navua sedge (C. aromaticus)
Nutgrass (C. rotundus)
Rice Flatsedge (C. iria)
Scaly Sedge (C. tenuiflorus)
Slender Sedge (C. gracilis)
Sticky Sedge (C. fulvus)
Stiff-leaved Sedge (C. vaginatus)
Spiny Flatsedge (C. gymnocaulos)
Tiny Flatsedge (C. tenellus)
Umbrella grass (C. eragrostis)
Yelka (C. victoriensis)
Yellow Nutgrass (C. esculentus)
Plants of similar appearance:
Kyllinga weed (C. sesquiflorus) has a very short or no rhizome. The spikes are whitish or pale green and it often has 2 small spikes at the base of a larger one.
Kyllinga weed (C. sphaeroideus) has a yellowish seed head, usually less than 50 flowers and is an annual.
Auld, B.A. and Medd R.W. (1992). Weeds. An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne). P23
Black, J.M. (1978). Flora of South Australia. (Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia). P260.
Burbidge, N.T. and Gray, M. (1970). Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (Australian National University Press, Canberra). p77-78.
Lamp, C. and Collet, F. (1990). A Field Guide to Weeds in Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne).
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #404.4.
Marchant, N.G., Wheeler, J.R., Rye, B.L., Bennett, E.M., Lander, N.S. and Macfarlane, T.D. (1987). Flora of the Perth Region. (Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Agriculture, Western Australia). P878.
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