PARATHION


4. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: PARATHION 450-500g/L

5. COST: $16.77 per L or kg.

6. CHEMICAL GROUP: 1B.

7. RELATED PESTICIDES:

ACEPHATE 970g/kg
AZINPHOS-METHYL 200 g/L
CHLORPYRIFOS 500g/L EC
DIAZINON 800g/L or kg
DIMETHOATE 400g/L
DIMETHOATE SD 400g/L
FENITROTHION 1000g/L
FENTHION 550g/L
MALDISON 500-1180g/L
METHAMIDOPHOS 580g/L
METHIDATHION 400g/L
OMETHOATE 290g/L
OMETHOATE 800g/L
PARATHION 450-500g/L
PHOSMET 150g/L
PROTHIOFOS 500g/L
Terbufos 150 g/kg
TRICHLORFON 500g/L

8. GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A broad spectrum insecticide used mainly in orchards, vineyards and vegetables

9. APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:

11. EQUIPMENT:

12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:

Don't allow pesticide to dry in the spraying unit before cleaning.

13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:

14. WEATHER:

15. RAINFASTNESS:

16. SOIL:

17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:

18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

All crops (except cotton): Cutting and grazing - 14 days.
All crops: Harvest - 14 days.
Cotton: Cutting and grazing - Don't graze or feed treated crop or residues to animals.
All crops (except cotton): Cutting and grazing - 14 days.
All crops: Harvest - 14 days.
Cotton: Cutting and grazing - Don't graze or feed treated crop or residues to animals.

19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:

20. MODE OF ACTION:

A group 1B, organophosphate, non systemic, broad spectrum insecticide that acts as an acetylcholine esterase inhibitor.
Acts as a contact, ingested and to a lesser extent respiratory action.

21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:

Some species may be resistant or develop resistance with continued application. Rotate with products from alternative groups.

22. TOXICITY:

Poison schedule - S7
Summary:
Details:
Poison schedule - S6 for 450g/L forms and S7 for 500g/L forms usually.
Mammalian toxicity -
Acute oral LD50 - mg/kg (rats), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50 - > mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin -
Eye -
Vapour inhalation - LC50 - > mg/L air (rat).
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - ppm for two years.
Not mutagenic or teratogenic (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems).
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) -

23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

24. FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED -
If in EYES - Irrigate for 15 minutes with plenty of water.
If on SKIN - Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.
If INHALED - Remove patient to fresh air.
If patient has symptoms or is concerned contact a doctor immediately.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically.
Call Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Enclosed cabs fitted with air conditioning and pesticide filters are recommended.
Safety goggles and face shield.
Elbow length PVC gl;oves.
Cotton overalls and washable hat.
Boots.

26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:

5 days.

27. PROPERTIES:

Product appearance -
Shelf Life -
Product Flammability -
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - ppm at pH
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - at pH 5.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. -
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - C.
Boiling point -
Molecular weight -
Density -

28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Summary - Dangerous to bees.
Birds - toxicity.
Fish - toxicity LC50 > ppm.
Invertebrates - toxicity.
Bees - toxicity.
It has a half life in soil of .
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination
Accumulation in milk and tissues.

29. COMPATIBILITY:

See HerbiGuide for compatibility with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
See HerbiGuide for a full list of pesticide compatibilities.
Compatible with white oil, spray oils,
Compatible with lime sulphur and Bordeaux mixture if used immediately

30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.

See HerbiGuide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.

31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:

Dangerous Goods Class - 6.1 (3) ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDE, LIQUID, TOXIC, FLAMMABLE (CONTAINS PARATHION-METHYL)
Hazchem Code - 3W
Packaging Group - 2
EPG - 6C1
UN Number - 3017
Worksafe Classification - Hazardous.

32. References:

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.HerbiGuide.com.au for more information.