Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W. Hill
Synonyms - Petroselinum sativum, Carum petroselinum, Apium crispum.
Order: ApialesFamily: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
Petroselinum is from the Greek petra meaning rock and selinon meaning an umbelliferous plant or like celery or parsley.
Summary:An aromatic herb with a stout taproot.
Petiole - Yes.
Blade - Aromatic, triangular in outline, divided twice with the segments on small stalks. Segments egg shaped, lobed, often curled. Hairless.
Stems:Erect, striped, aromatic. Hairless.
Flower head:Umbels on long stalks (peduncles) with 8-20 branches (rays). Short parallel sided bracts under a cluster of many flowers.
Sepals - None.
Petals - Broad with an incurved tip, greenish yellow.
Fruit:Egg shaped, flattened, smooth, hairless. Fruitlets with 5 fine ribs.
1 vitta (oil containing tube) under each furrow.
Carpophore free, forked, persistent.
Key Characters:Land plant.
Leaves twice pinnatisect, petiolate.
Involucre bracts present.
Flowers greenish yellow, in compound umbels.
Fruit without prickles.
Fruitlets 5 ribbed.
Seed flat along the commissure.
Adapted from J.M. Black.
Flowering times:Summer in SA.
Seed Biology and Germination:Vegetative Propagules:
Hybrids:Cultivated and wild forms.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread mainly by intentional planting of seed.
Origin and History:Mediterranean. Southern Europe.
Distribution:NSW, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Courtesy Australia's Virtual Herbarium.
Soil:Prefers sandy, limestone soils.
Leaves used as a salad vegetable and garnish. Occasionally roots are also used.
Detrimental:Weed of roadsides, islands, coastal dunes and disturbed areas.
Toxicity:Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Celery (Apium graveolens)
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Black, J.M. (1965). Flora of South Australia. (Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia). P662. Diagram.
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd, S.G. (1997). Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. (Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia). P84.
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #958.1.
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