Pyrus communis L.
Synonyms - Pirus communis
Order: RosalesFamily: Rosaceae
Summary:A deciduous tree producing yellow pear shaped fruit.
Fruit:Pear shaped, yellow, mottled.
Seeds:Tear shaped, dark.
A deciduous tree.
The fruit is yellow and pear shaped.
Deciduous perennial tree.
Physiology:Chilling requirement similar to Apples. Some varieties have a low chilling requirement.
More tolerant of hot conditions than Apple but more sensitive to cold injury.
Relatively tolerant to water logging.
Reproduction:Often cross pollinated.
Flowering times:Seed Biology and Germination:
Hybrids:Many commercial varieties including Beurre Bosc, Josephine, Packham's Triumph, Williams Bon Chretien, Winter Nelis, Winter Cole.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread mainly by intentional planting on grafted stock.
Origin and History:Europe. Asia. North of Persia.
Distribution:ACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Courtesy Australia's Virtual Herbarium.
Cool to warm temperate. Mediterranean.
Areas with an annual rainfall greater than 760 mm or irrigated areas.
Soil:Wide range of soils including water logging prone soil types.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Important pests include Two Spotted Mite, Codling Moth, Pear Leaf Blister Mite and Oyster Shell Scale.
Diseases include Black Spot and Blossom Blight.
Related plants:Asian Pear or Nashi (Pyrus pyrifolia)
Apple (Malus domestica)
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #1041.1.
Reid, R.L. (1990) The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P179.
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