|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|SHOGUN HERBICIDE||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Propaquizafop 100g/L4 CHEMICAL GROUP: A
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:
|Butroxydim 250||Butroxydim 250g/kg (or 500g/kg)|
|Diclofop-methyl||Diclofop methyl 375g/L|
|Diclofop-methyl||Diclofop methyl 500g/L|
|Fluazifop||Fluazifop-p 212g/L or kg|
|Haloxyfop 520||Haloxyfop 520 g/L (or900g/L)|
|Motsa||Clethodim 200g/L + haloxyfop 50 g/L|
|Pinoxaden 100||Pinoxaden 100g/L|
|Puma||Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl 76g/L + mefenpyr 18.8 g/L|
|Quizalofop||Quizalofop-p-ethyl(or tefuryl) 99.5g/L|
|Topik 240 EC||Clodinafop-propargyl 240g/L|
|Tralkoxydim 400||Tralkoxydim 400g/kg|
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:A post emergence, foliar absorbed, translocated grass-selective herbicide with little residual action. It is used on a very wide range of broad leaved crops for control of annual and perennial grasses.
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Best results on young actively growing weeds in fine, mild weather on moist soils with rain a day or two later.
Don't apply within 10 days of spraying phenoxy or hormone herbicides such as 2,4-D or MCPA.
8 WEATHER:Rainfast in 1 hour.
Frost effects: Wait for weeds to begin actively growing after frosts for best results. Frosts an hour or more after application appear to have little effect on performance. Wind: Avoid spraying within 20 metres upwind of sensitive grass crops and pastures.
Inversions: Avoid application during low level inversions as excessive drift may occur.
Delta T and relative humidity: Avoid application when Delta T is greater than
9 ADJUVANTS:Wetting agents: Compatible with non-ionic wetting agents but usually applied with oils below unless tank mixed with products that aren't compatible with oils.
Spray oils: Kwickin or Hasten at 0.5% recommended on label.
Mineral oils are usually incompatible if the water temperature is less than 100C.
Usually incompatible with crop oils.
Not compatible with Codacide or Synertrol.
10 WATER QUALITY:Hard water:
Salty water: Tolerates relatively salty water. In very salty water the product may separate from the water. Do a jar test.
Colloids: Tolerates clays and colloids in water.
Tank life: Use soon after mixing. It may separate if left standing overnight with some spray oils.
11 COMPATIBILITY:Not compatible with some spraying oils.
Phenoxy herbicides (e.g. 2,4-D or MCPA) applied up to 10 days before or after propaquizafop may reduce the efficacy on grass weeds.
See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.
12 EQUIPMENT:Boom sprays:
Carrier volume: 30-150 L/ha recommended. Rates from 30 L/ha to 1000 L/ha are OK. Use nozzles producing smaller droplets if lower water rates are used on small weeds. Use higher water on dense infestations.
Nozzles: 80-1100 Flat fan.
Pressure: 280 - 300 kPa (40.6 - 43.5 psi) recommended on label. 150-400 kPa is OK for most nozzles. Adjust pressure to suit nozzles so they produce 150-200 micron droplets.
Droplet size: 150-300 micron VMD preferred.
Filter Sizes : 50, 80 or 100 mesh.
Aerial application:Carrier volume: 20-30 L/ha aircraft.
Nozzles: Flat fan, Micronair and CP-3 are also used. Hollow cone designs such as Spraying Systems D8 disc or Number 45 are also suitable.
Droplet size: 150-300 micron VMD preferred.
13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:Ensure all traces of sulfonyl urea herbicides are remove from the sprayer before using on propaquizafop on legume (pea, lupin etc), Brassica (canola etc) or other sensitive crops.
Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove.
Remove filters and clean separately. Triple rinse with water or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom.
Remove filters and clean separately.
Rinse with water and drain.
Quarter fill the tank with an alkali detergent (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo, or Surf per 100 L water) and circulate for at least 15 minutes then run through boom. Rinse twice with water.
Chlorine based cleaners are NOT recommended.
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.
Many Annual Ryegrass populations are resistant to propaquizafop.
15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:
|Broad-leaved species||0 days|
| || |
16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
|Beans; Faba||Harvest||7 weeks|
|Pasture; Legume||Grazing||3 days|
|Peas; Field||Harvest||12 weeks|
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.
18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.
19 SOIL:Soil texture: Little effect.
Soil pH: Little effect.
Soil organic matter: Little effect.
Soil moisture at application: Higher rates are required for control once the soil dries to below wilting point.
Plants stressed from waterlogging also require higher rates for adequate control.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Inhibits acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC)
Post emergence with little residual activity.
Uptake and translocation:It is readily absorbed through leaves and green stems and translocated throughout the plant. Propaquizafop is accumulated in the rhizomes and stolons of perennial grasses and the shoots or meristems of annual and perennial grasses.
Translocation is rapidly reduced as plants become stressed.
There may be some root absorption but this is not usually significant at normal rates.
Physiological effects:Residual Life and Breakdown:
Little useful residual activity unless applied at very high rates.
21 SELECTIVITY:Crop tolerance:
Generally good selectivity and no damage when used as recommended.
Some crop symptoms have been reported where non-recommended oils and wetters have been used.
Varietal sensitivities:Effect on Clover Species:
Effect on Medic Species:Little effect.
Effect on Lucerne:Little effect.
Effect on Native Plants:Little effect on broad leaved species. Some native grasses are damaged.
22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:Plants stressed by disease or insects may be more tolerant to propaquizafop.
23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:Growth of grasses usually stops within 1-2 days of application.
Symptoms normally take 7-10 days to develop. Growing points turn brown and rot, shoot tips can be easily pulled out after 2-3 weeks. Young leaves turn yellow or redden soon after, but more mature leaves may remain green for extended periods.
SECONDARY EFFECTS:24 TOXICITY:
Low toxicity to mammals, birds and bees. Toxic to fish. Irritating to eyes and skin. If liquid enters the lungs (aspirated) it may cause lung damage. It is not expected to be harmful from normal occupational inhalation.
Details:Poison schedule: S5.
Mammalian toxicity: Low toxicity.
Acute oral LD50: 2500-3500 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg].
Acute dermal LD50: >2000 mg/kg (rat).
Skin: Slightly Irritating (rabbit). Propaquizafop is not a sensitiser. No information for the product.
Eye: Slightly Irritating (rabbit).
Vapour inhalation: Mildly irritating. LC50 > mg/L air (rat).
Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.
Not carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic in animal studies (i.e. does not cause cancer or reproductive problems in animal tests).
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI): 0.3 mg/kg/day.
Other Species: Birds: Not toxic. Product LD50 > 2,198 mg/kg mallard duck. Product LD50 > 2000 mg/kg bobwhite quail. Product LC50 (5-day feeding) > 6,593 ppm mallard duck. Product LC50 (5-day feeding) > 6,593 ppm bobwhite quail.
Fish: High toxicity. Propaquizafop LC50(96 hour) = 3.2 mg/L rainbow trout. Propaquizafop LC50(96 hour) = 1.1 mg/L carp. Product LC50 (96 hours) = 1.2 mg/L rainbow trout. Product LC50 (96 hours) = 0.34 mg/L bluegill sunfish. Product LC50 (96 hours) = 0.19 mg/L carp. Product NOEC (21 days) = 0.071 mg/L rainbow trout.
Invertebrates: High toxicity. Propaquizafop EC50 (48 hour) = 2.4 mg/L Daphnia magna. Product EC50 (48 hours) >2.1 mg/L Daphnia magna. Product NOEC (21 days) = 0.44 mg/L Daphnia magna.
Bees: Not toxic. Propaquizafop contact LD50 (48 hours) > 188 ìg/bee. Propaquizafop oral LD50 (48 hours) >20 ìg/bee. Product contact LD50 (48 hours) >200 ìg/bee. Product oral LD50 (48 hours) >20 ìg/bee.
Algae: High toxicity. Propaquizafop EC50 (72 hours) = 2.7 mg/L Scenedesmus subspicatus. Product EC50 (96 hours) > 2.1 mg/L Scenedesmus subspicatus.
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:Itchiness and reddening of the skin where product has contacted the skin.
Stinging and reddening of the eyes and copious tears if product splashed in eyes. Lengthy exposure or delayed treatment of eyes may result in permanent damage.
Burning and reddening of the mouth and throat if swallowed.
26 FIRST AID:If SWALLOWED: Wash out mouth with water. DO NOT induce vomiting. Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient.
If liquid enters the lungs then see a doctor immediately as lung damage can occur.
If in EYES: Hold eyelids open and wash eyes with plenty of water for 5 minutes, remove contact lenses if present and wash for a further 10 minutes. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the unaffected eye or onto the face. See a doctor as soon as possible as long term damage to the eye is possible if not treated appropriately.
If on SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. See a doctor if symptoms persist.
Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically.
Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:Half life in soil: 15-26 days.
Half life in water: ~20 days.
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Moderately mobile (Acid) in soil.
Ground water contamination
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Hydrolysis half life:
Bioconcentration factor (BCF)
The product is not persistent.
It is inherently biodegradable and degradation is primarily via hydrolysis and microorganisms.
28 REGISTERED CROPS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
29 REGISTERED WEEDS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:UN number: 3082.
CAS numbers: Propaquizafop 111479-05. N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone 872-50-4
Aromatic hydrocarbons 64742-94-5.
OPP Chemical Code:
NOHSC classification: Hazardous.
Dangerous goods class (ADG): Not classified as dangerous goods for transport. C1 combustible liquid. Class 9, UN 3082, Packaging group III, Marine pollutant.
Proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (contains propaquizafop)
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG): Not classified as a marine pollutant but in Europe is labelled as above.
Packaging group: III
R43: May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R65: Harmful: May cause lung damage if swallowed.
R36/38: Irritating to eyes and skin.
R66: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects to the aquatic environment.
S2, S13, S46, S60, S61, S62, S20/21, S24/25, S36/37. Keep out of reach of children. Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs. If swallowed, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately and show this container or label. This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste. Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety Data Sheets. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this MSDS. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
If tonnes of this product are to be stored then there may be local regulations relating to storage of combustible products.
31 PROPERTIES:Colour: Amber/Brown liquid.
Odour: Aromatic hydrocarbon.
Chemical name: Propaquizafop.
CAS: Propaquizafop 111479-05.
Water solubility: Emulsifies in water.
Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = 4.78 at 25 C for propaquizafop. Log Pow = -0.46 for N-methyl-pyrrolidone.
Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc):
Vapour Pressure: 0.006 kPa (hydrocarbon solvent) at 200C. 4.4 x 10-7 mPa for propaquizafop at 250C
Vapour density: >1.
Dissociation constant: pKa
Melting point: C.
Boiling point: >1940C at 100 kPa. 220-2900C for hydrocarbon solvent.
Bulk density: 1.02 g/mL at 200C.
Specific gravity: 1.01-1.04 at 200C.
Viscosity: 19 mPa.s (1.182-5.49 rps at 200C).
Flammability: Non-flammable liquid. Combustible liquid C1.
Flashpoint: 1010C. EEC A9.
Shelf Life: 2-3 years (longer for granules).
(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)
Does not polymerize.
32 SPILLS:Extinguish possible sources of ignition.
Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material such as vermiculite.
Ventilate area after cleanup. Wash area with soapy water.
33 FIRE:Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.
Classified as a C1 combustible product. There is a slight risk of an explosion from this product if commercial quantities are involved in a fire. Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream on hot liquids. Vapours from this product are heavier than air and may accumulate in sumps, pits and other low-lying spaces, forming potentially explosive mixtures. They may also flash back considerable distances.
34 COMMENTS:35 REFERENCES:
Ashton, F.M. and Crafts, A.S. (1981) Mode of Action of Herbicides. (Wiley-Interscience publication).
Kearney, P.C. and Kaufman, D.D. (1976). Herbicides. Chemistry, degradation and mode of action. Vol 1 & 2.
Bayer (2004) Correct MSDS.
Farmoz (2006) Shogun label.
Farmoz (2006) Shogun MSDS.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.