Ribes rubrum L.
Family: Grossulariaceae (was Saxifragaceae)
A deciduous shrub bearing red grapes.
Petiole - Yes
Blade - Lobed and toothed
Stems:Flower stem -
Taproot and laterals.
Key Characters:Perennial, deciduous shrub or vine.
Perennial deciduous shrub.
Physiology:Frost sensitive in late spring. Less sensitive to frost than Blackcurrant.
Low chilling requirement.
Flowering times:Seed Biology and Germination:
Hybrids:Varieties include Fay's Prolific, Red Dutch and Ruby Castle.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Mainly spread by intentional planting of cuttings.
Origin and History:Temperate Eurasia. Europe.
Introduced as a fruit crop.
Distribution:NSW, TAS, VIC.
Warm to hot regions with an annual rainfall of more than 510 mm falling mainly in winter unless irrigated. Prefers areas with little summer rainfall.
Soil:Wide range from deep sands to clays. Prefers well drained loams to clay loams. Tolerates poorer soils than Blackcurrant.
Berries used to make dried fruit.
Not recorded as toxic.
Legislation:Sale of produce controlled by various authorities.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Important pests include Bud Mites, Light Brown Apple Moth, Nematodes, Phylloxera, Vine Scale and Vine Moth.
Diseases include Black Spot, Downy Mildew, Botrytis Grey Mould, Leaf Roll Virus, Powdery Mildew and Pythium Crown Rot.
Related plants:Black Currant (Ribes nigrum)
Gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa = Ribes grossularis)
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #1057.3.
Reid, R.L. (1990) The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P171-172.
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