Family: - Caryophyllaceae.Names:
Other names:Sand Spurrey
Summary:An open, annual to short lived perennial plant about 100 mm high and 200 mm wide with rings of cylindrical leaves and 5 petalled, pink flowers in spring.
Leaves:Opposite and appear to be in rings around the stem. Grey green.
Stems:Lie on ground or bend upwards, several stems from the base, mat forming, about 100 mm high. Usually hairless at the base of stems with glandular, sticky hairs on the flower head and young shoots.
Flower head:On stalks, 3-8 mm long in the upper leaf axils or at the ends of stems in leafy cymes, typically short but occasionally long and racemose, short leaves at the base of most flower stalks(pedicels).
Fruit:3-8 mm long, globular capsule. 3 valves (alternate to the sepals) opening to the base to release many seeds. On a stalk, 3-8 mm long that is erect or bent back.
Seeds:Light to dark brown, very small, swollen along back, minutely warty, wingless or encircled by a narrow membranous wing.
Flowering times:Spring and summer in western NSW.
Seed Biology and Germination:Vegetative Propagules:
Hybrids:Variety pinguis has longer stem internodes, more fleshy leaves, 15-50 mm long, cymes racemose, sepals 4-5 mm long, stamens 5-10 mm, fruiting pedicels sometimes reflexed, 5-25 mm long, capsule slightly longer than the calyx, seeds black or brown, tuberculate.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Origin and History:Europe.
Distribution:ACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Habitats:Wet, salt affected areas but tolerant of most soil types.
Soil:Most soil types.
Detrimental:Weed of gardens, garden paths, cultivation, islands, estuary shores, saline areas and disturbed ground.
Toxicity:Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Herbicide resistance:Biological Control:
Plants of similar appearance:Spergula arvensis is similar but has white petals and leafless cymes.
References:Black, J.M. (1965). Flora of South Australia. (Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia). P356.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.