|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|4FARMERS BROWN OUT 250 HERBICIDE||4 FARMERS PTY LTD||SL|
|AGCP PARAQUAT-DIQUAT 250 HERBICIDE||AUSTRALIA GENERIC CROP PROTECTION PTY LTD||SL|
|AGROREG BLOWOUT HERBICIDE||AGROREG PTY LIMITED||SL|
|ALARM HERBICIDE||SIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|CMS BLOWOUT HERBICIDE||CMS TRADE PTY LTD||SL|
|COMBIK 250 HERBICIDE||SINON AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||SC|
|CONQUEST SCORCHER 250 HERBICIDE||CONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTD||SL|
|COUNTRY PARAQUAT/DIQUAT 250 HERBICIDE||ACCENSI PTY LTD||SL|
|FARMALINX PARADAT HERBICIDE||FARMALINX PTY LTD||SL|
|FARMOZ SPRAY & SOW HERBICIDE||FARMOZ PTY LIMITED||SL|
|GENFARM DI-PAR 250 HERBICIDE||LANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITED||SL|
|HALLEY PREMIER 250 HERBICIDE||HALLEY INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD||SL|
|IMTRADE SPRAYKILL 250 HERBICIDE||IMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SC|
|KENSO AGCARE SPEEDY 250 HERBICIDE||KENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.||SL|
|KWICKNOCK 250 HERBICIDE||GROW CHOICE PTY LIMITED||SC|
|NAADCO PARAQUAT DIQUAT 250 HERBICIDE||NEW AUSTRALIA AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PTY LTD||SL|
|NUFARM REVOLVER HERBICIDE||NUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITED||SL|
|OSPRAY SPRAY-OUT 250 HERBICIDE||OSPRAY PTY LTD||SL|
|OZCROP BLOWOUT HERBICIDE||CMS TRADE PTY LTD||SL|
|QUASH DUO 250 HERBICIDE||HEXTAR CHEMICALS PTY LTD||SC|
|RYGEL PRE-SEED 250 HERBICIDE||RYGEL AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.||SC|
|SANONDA PARAQUAT/DIQUAT HERBICIDE||SANONDA (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD||SL|
|SPRAY.SEED 250 HERBICIDE||SYNGENTA CROP PROTECTION PTY LIMITED||SL|
|SPRAY-PLANT 250 HERBICIDE||SIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||SL|
|TITAN EOS HERBICIDE||TITAN AG PTY LTD||SL|
|TOMBSTONE HERBICIDE||GOOBANG PTY LTD||SL|
|UNI-SPRAY 250 HERBICIDE||UNITED PHOSPHORUS LTD.||SL|
|UNITED FARMERS WILDFIRE 250 HERBICIDE||RAVENSDOWN FERTILISER CO-OPERATIVE LIMITED||SL|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Diquat 115g/L + paraquat 135g/L4 CHEMICAL GROUP: L
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:
|Paraquat 250||Paraquat 250g/L|
|Reglone||Diquat dibromide 200g/L|
|SpraySeed 250||Diquat 115g/L + paraquat 135g/L|
|SpraySeed plus Cultivation||Diquat 115g/L + paraquat 135g/L|
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:Spray.Seed started the minimum tillage revolution
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Protective clothing should be warn when using Spray.Seed. A respirator is recommended.
8 WEATHER:Rainfast in 1 hour.
9 ADJUVANTS:Wetting agents: Spray.Seed contains a non ionic wetter sufficient for spray volumes up to 100 L/ha. Add 200 mL non ionic wetting agent for each additional 100 L/ha of spray volume
10 WATER QUALITY:Hard water:
11 COMPATIBILITY:Non ionic surfactants and crop oils increase absorption of herbicide and often improve the degree of weed control.
12 EQUIPMENT:Boom sprays:
13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:Clean Up:
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:Plant populations tolerant to Spray.Seed are expected to occur naturally after repeated applications.
15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:
16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
|All||Grazing for horses||7 days|
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.
18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.
19 SOIL:Soil texture: No effect.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Spray.Seed is absorbed by the leaves of plants. It is not translocated at high light intensities because the leaf tissue is killed very quickly. Under low light or dark conditions Spray.Seed acts more slowly and may move some distance from the point of application. It forms a stable free radical which interferes with the electron transport process. The reduction of carbon dioxide in the photosynthetic pathway is inhibited. This results in the production of superoxide radicals which attack unsaturated fatty acids. This causes degradation of cell membranes and loss of water resulting in desiccation of the plant.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Uptake and translocation:
Physiological effects:Membrane breakdown.
Residual Life and Breakdown:No residual activity in soil. Binds strongly to clays.
21 SELECTIVITY:Crop tolerance:
Varietal sensitivities:Effect on Clover Species:
Effect on Medic Species:High rates kill clover. Low rates are tolerated.
Effect on Lucerne:Burn top growth and may kill seedlings. Established plants generally survived especially if they have been grazed heavily or cut before spraying.
Effect on Native Plants:Burns off top growth but most established perennial natives will survive. Hogh rates kill most seedlings.
22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:No particular effects.
23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:Spray.Seed is rapidly absorbed and stops plant growth quickly. The plants begin to wilt within hours of application. They usually turn brown within a day or two and die. Plants exposed to Spray.Seed drift often show spots of dead tissue where individual droplets of spray have contacted the leaf. Perennial species or annual species with large root reserves may loose all the leaves that have been sprayed but regrow new ones to survive.
24 TOXICITY:Mammalian toxicity - high. S7 poison.
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:Small amounts of Spray.Seed due to occupational exposure are rapidly and completely eliminated from the body. Nose bleeds and loss of fingernails are often reported after exposure to Spray.Seed. When larger amount are ingested a delayed, irreversible, non cancerous proliferation of lung cells occurs leading to respiratory failure and death. Medical treatment is only possible if administered soon after ingestion. As symptoms are minimal in the first few days after ingestion, any suspicion that ingestion may have occurred should be acted upon immediately. Putting Spray.Seed into soft drink or beer containers has been responsible for some tragedies. Spray.Seed contains an emetic to reduce the risk of accidental ingestion. For home gardens a similar product is formulated as a granule to reduce the risk of ingestion.
CHRONIC TOXICITYStudies in animals have shown that repeated doses of paraquat do not produce carcinogenic nor teratogenic effects or adverse reproductive effects. The dietary no effect level in the rat was 25 ppm of paraquat over 2 years. Ingestion studies in animals have shown that repeated doses of diquat produce cataracts in test animals (dog, rat). These effects have not been seen in occupationally exposed humans.
26 FIRST AID:If SWALLOWED: If poisoning occurs get to a doctor or hospital quickly, warning by telephone of the estimated arrival time so that treatment is not delayed. If more than 15 minutes from a hospital induce vomiting, if this has not already occurred, by tickling back of throat with a clean, blunt instrument (eg spoon handle). DO NOT delay the start of treatment.
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:Spray.Seed is totally and very strongly absorbed to clay in the soil. It breaks down slowly by chemical and physical degradation. It has no effect on soil organisms or plant roots because it is not available in the soil solution. Lime and fertilisers will not displace Spray.Seed from the clay. Except in very sandy soils, the cation exchange capacity of the soil is not affected by Spray.Seed application. Large repeated doses over many years have shown no adverse effects on the soil or its productivity. It may be loosely bound to organic matter or trash on the soil surface. The half life of Spray.Seed is long but this does not reflect its biological activity.
28 REGISTERED CROPS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
29 REGISTERED WEEDS:See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.
30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:UN number: 3016
31 PROPERTIES:Colour: Dark green/blue liquid.
32 SPILLS:Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material.
33 FIRE:Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.
34 COMMENTS:35 REFERENCES: