Cucurbita pepo and Cucurbita maxima
Order - Violales
Family - Cucurbitaceae
A rapidly growing, summer vine with large leaves, yellow flowers and medium sized fruit.
Petiole - Long, thick, vertical.
Blade - Large.
Stems:Long, weak, low lying.
Yellow orange. Separate male and female flowers on the one plant.
Fruit:Moderate size, shape varies depending on the variety, thick skinned with flesh surrounding a somewhat cavernous centre containing many seeds.
Seeds:Flattened, tear shaped, white to yellow.
Roots:Deep extensive root system.
Annual vine. Seeds are usually planted in spring and Squash are ready to harvest as the immature fruit in 2-3 months.
Physiology:Optimum temperature from 18-300C.
Susceptible to frost and prolonged exposure to temperatures below 100C.
Reproduction:Require bees or insects for pollination.
Seed Biology and Germination:Seed requires temperatures above 160C to germinate with an optimum of 24-350C.
Seedlings very prone to damping off fungus in cool conditions.
Hybrids:Many commercial varieties.
Allelopathy:Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Spread mainly by intentional planting of seed and where household refuse is dumped.
Origin and History:South America.
Introduced as a vegetable crop.
Distribution:ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.
Naturalised in QLD, NSW.
Warm season crop.
Soil:Prefer deep, friable soils with a pH of 5-6.5.
Pollen source for bees.
Detrimental:Weed of urban bushland and disturbed areas.
Toxicity:Not recorded as toxic.
Management and Control:Thresholds:
Insect pests include Pumpkin Beetle, Spider Mite, Cucumber Fly and Heliothis.
Diseases include Powdery Mildew, Downy Mildew, Fusarium Root Rot, Fusarium Wilt, Gummy Stem Blight and Cucumber Mosaic Virus.
Related plants:Marrow (Cucurbita pepo)
Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima)
Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata)
Plants of similar appearance:References:
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #380.
Reid, R.L. (1990) The Manual of Australian Agriculture. (Butterworths, Sydney). P144-145.
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.