Keep treated seed separate as it is difficult to distinguish from untreated seed.
Don't feed treated seed to birds or animals.
It may have adverse effects on Rhizobium inoculum on the seed. Apply inoculum direct to the furrow if possible or make sure the seed is completely dry if inoculum must be placed on seed. Inoculate as close to planting as possible.
Don't carry over treated seed from one season to the next.
10. ADJUVANTS, WETTERS, OILS:
Use a wetting agent for foliar applications.
Use equipment that provide good coverage for foliar applications and seed treatments.
12. SPRAYER WASH OUT AND DECONTAMINATION:
Triple rinse with water and wetting agent.
13. WATER OR CARRIER DATA:
Foliar applications usually applied as a high volume spray in about 1000 L/ha water.
Apply foliar application in fine weather.
17. PLANT HEALTH and OTHER EFFECTS:
Seed may be stored if it treated with a product containing a dye so treated seed can be easily distinguished.
Label statements advising against storage are to reduce the risk of treated seed being used for feed or human consumption.
18. WITHHOLDING PERIODS:
19. PLANT BACK PERIODS or RECROPPING INTERVALS:
20. MODE OF ACTION:
Protectant fungicide that will not eradicate established disease.
Disease does not develop.
21. PESTICIDE RESISTANCE:
Some species may be resistant or develop resistance with continued application. Rotate with products from alternative groups.
Poison schedule - S6
Summary: Low acute toxicity to mammals but irritating to eyes and skin and some concerns over high level, long term exposure.
Poison schedule - S6
Mammalian toxicity -
Acute oral LD50 - 560-2600 mg/kg (rats), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]
Acute dermal LD50 - >2000 mg/kg (rabbit).
Skin - Mildly irritating. Sensitising (Guinea Pig). Allergic skin reactions have been reported in humans.
Chronic oral toxicity NOEL - ppm for two years. Prolonged exposure in animal tests ahs resulted in liver, reproductive and central nervous system disorders.
Some animal test have indicated a carcinogenic potential.
Animal studies have shown that thiram can cause CNS, liver, kidney, foetotoxic and testicular damage.
Embryotoxic and teratogenic effects have been reported in mice, rats and hamsters
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) -0.004 mg/kg/day.
Intolerance to alcohol has been reported in workers exposed to thiram. Thiram appear to prevent the complete metabolic degradation of alcohol causing an accumulation of the metabolic acetaldehyde.
23. TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:
Swallowing may cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Large amounts may cause somnolence and muscle weakness.
Irritates eyes and skin.
May sensitises skin. Prolonged contact may lead to allergic contact dermatitis.
Thiram and alcohol interact to produce more severe symptoms and include flushing, sweating, nausea vomiting, dizziness, head ache, rapid pulse, palpitations, breathing difficulties and low blood pressure.
24. FIRST AID:
If SWALLOWED - Rinse mouth out with water. Give water to drink. If more than 15 minutes from hospital then induce vomiting preferably using Ipecac Syrup APF. Avoid giving alcohol. See a doctor.
If in EYES - Irrigate for 15 minutes with plenty of water. Urgently see a doctor. Take patient to hospital immediately.
If on SKIN - Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water. If swelling, redness, blistering or irritation persists then see a doctor.
If INHALED - Remove patient to fresh air. Keep patient warm and at rest. Avoid giving alcohol. See a doctor if symptoms persist. Effects may be delayed.
If patient has symptoms or is concerned contact a doctor immediately.
Advice to doctor - Treat symptomatically. Effects may be delayed.
Call Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26
25. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:
Safety goggles and face shield.
Elbow length PVC gloves.
Cotton overalls and washable hat.
26 RE ENTRY PERIODS and OTHER SAFETY ISSUES:
Product appearance - Pale blue liquid suspension with no odour.
Shelf Life - 2 years.
Product Flammability - Flashpoint >94C. It will emit toxic fumes on burning.
Half life in water - days at pH5 and 35 C.
Water solubility at 25 C. - Miscible.
Oil solubility -
Octanol:Water ratio at 25 C. - LogPOW 1.73.
Vapour Pressure at 25 C. - 0.023 kPa
Dissociation constant - pKa.
Melting point - C.
Boiling point -
Molecular weight -
Density - SG 1.19
Stable in light at ambient temperatures.
Thickens irreversibly with heat.
Reacts with copper, strong acids and oxidizing agents.
28. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:
Summary - Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
Birds - variable toxicity. LD 50 673 to >5000 mg/kg.
Fish - Highly toxic LC50 0.0445-0.26 mg/L
Invertebrates - Highly toxic. LD50 0.21 mg/L
Bees - Non toxic. Dermal LD 50 >73.7 ug/bee
It is "substantially biodegradable" in soil and has a half life in soil of .
It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from
Ground water contamination
Accumulation in milk and tissues.
Low risk of bioaccumulation in aquatic systems.
See HerbiGuide for compatability with other herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
See HerbiGuide for a full list of pesticide compatibilities.
Not compatible with copper, lime sulphur or Bordeaux spray.
Unstable in acidic conditions.
30. REGISTERED CROPS, INSECTS and DISEASES.
See Herbiguide Species Solutions Tab for registered uses.
31. GOVERNMENT AND REGULATORY INFORMATION:
Dangerous Goods Class - 9 Miscellaneous dangerous good.
Hazchem Code - 2X
Packaging Group - 3
UN No. - 3077
EPG - 9C1
Hazardous according to Worksafe Australia.
R10/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed
R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system
R40(3) Possible risks of irreversible effects
R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
Crompton (2003) Thiraflo label and MSDS 20/4/03
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 for more information.