Tigrex

4FARMERS LV MCPA/DIFLUFENICAN SELECTIVE HERBICIDE4 FARMERS AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AC SUNDOWNER HERBICIDEAXICHEM PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
ACCENSI MCPA / DIFLUFENICAN 250 / 25 SELECTIVE HERBICIDEACCENSI PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AGRO-ESSENCE DIFLUFENICAN + MCPA 275 HERBICIDEAGRO-ALLIANCE (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AGVANTAGE DIFLU-MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDELANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
APPARENT PANTHER SELECTIVE HERBICIDEAPPARENT PTY. LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
AW DISMOUNT HERBICIDEAGRI WEST PTY LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CONQUEST RADICATE SELECTIVE HERBICIDECONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CONQUEST SOAR SELECTIVE HERBICIDECONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
CROP CARE T-REX SELECTIVE HERBICIDECROP CARE AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
EUREKA! DFF MCPA EC HerbicideEUREKA ! AGRESEARCH PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
EZYCROP DIFLUFENICAN + MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDEEZYCROP PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
Ezycrop Diflufenican M Selective HerbicideEZYCROP PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
FARMALINX FATCAT HERBICIDEFARMALINX PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
FARMALINX FATCAT SELECTIVE HERBICIDEFARMALINX PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
GENFARM DIFLU-MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDELANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
IMTRADE LIONEX SELECTIVE HERBICIDEIMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
JESTER HERBICIDEFMC AUSTRALASIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
KELPIE DFF + MCPA MX HERBICIDESINOCHEM INTERNATIONAL AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
KENSO AGCARE DIFLUKEN M SELECTIVE HERBICIDEKENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
LEGACY MA HERBICIDEADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
MISSION DIFLUFENICAN + MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDEMISSION BELL HOLDINGS PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
NICAN-M HERBICIDEUPL AUSTRALIA LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
NOVAGUARD DIFLUFENICAN + MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDENOVAGUARD PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
NovaGuard Diflufenican M Selective HerbicideNOVAGUARD PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
NUFARM NUGREX SELECTIVE HERBICIDENUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
OZCROP LV MCPA/DIFLUFENICAN SELECTIVE HERBICIDEOZCROP PTY. LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
PANTHEX SELECTIVE HERBICIDEHEXTAR CHEMICALS PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
RAINBOW LV MCPA/DIFLUFENICAN SELECTIVE HERBICIDESHANDONG RAINBOW INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
Relyon Roar HerbicideRURALCO HOLDINGS LIMITEDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
RYGEL RYGREX SELECTIVE HERBICIDEPROFENG AUSTRALIA PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SABAKEM RECKON-M 275EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDESABAKEM PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SMART TREX HERBICIDECROP SMART PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
SPALDING SCANNER SELECTIVE HERBICIDESPALDING HOLDINGS PTY. LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
TIGREX SELECTIVE HERBICIDEBAYER CROPSCIENCE PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
TITAN DIFLUFENICAN + MCPA SELECTIVE HERBICIDETITAN AG PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
Tuken Extra HerbicideROTAM AGROCHEMICAL CO., LTD.EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE
WELLFARM DIFLUFENICAN 25 + MCPA ISO-OCTYL ESTER 250 EC HERBICIDEWELLFARM PTY LTDEMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE

2 PRICE:

$8.36/L

3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS:

Tigrex - MCPA 250g/L + Diflufenican 25 g/L

Giant - MCPA 230g/L + Diflufenican 21 g/L

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: I, F.

Group I - phenoxy.

Group F - nicotinanilide.

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

Group I
2,4-D amine 5002,4-D Amine 500g/L
2,4-D amine 6252,4-D Amine 625g/L
2,4-D amine plus Dicamba2,4-D 250gL + dicamba 100g/L
2,4-D ester 8002,4-D Ester 800g/L
2,4-D ester plus Garlon2,4-D ester 530g/L + triclopyr 200g/L
2,4-D LV ester 6002,4-D LV ester 600-680g/L
2,4-DB 4002,4-DB 400g/L
2,4-DB 5002,4-DB 500g/L
2,4-DB plus MCPA2,4-DB 200g/L + MCPA 250g/L
AccessPicloram 120g/L + triclopyr 240g/L
Dicamba 200Dicamba 200
Dicamba 25 plus MCPA 150Dicamba 25g/L + MCPA 150g/L
Dicamba 500Dicamba 500g/L
Dicamba 700Dicamba 700g/kg (or 750 g/kg)
Dicamba plus MCPADicamba 80g/L + MCPA 340g/L
FallowBoss2,4-Dam 300g/L+Aminopyralid 7.5g/L+picloram 75g/L
Garlon 600Triclopyr 600g/L
Grazon ExtraAminopyralid 8g/L+picloram 100g/L+triclopyr 300g/L
HotshotAminopyralid salt 10g/L + fluroxypyr-meptyl 140g/L
LontrelClopyralid 300g/L
Lontrel 750Clopyralid 750g/kg
MCPA amineMCPA 500-750g/L
MCPA LVEMCPA LV ester 500g/L (or570)
MCPB 400MCPB 400g/L
PicloramPicloram 240g/L
Picloram plus TriclopyrPicloram 100g/L + triclopyr 300g/L
Starane 200Fluroxypyr 200-400g/L
Tordon 242MCPA 420g/L + picloram 26g/L
Tordon 75-D2,4-D 300g/L + picloram 75g/L
Tordon DSPicloram amine 100g/L + triclopyr amine 200g/L
Tordon RegrowthMasterAminopyralid 25g/L+picloram100g/L+triclopyr 200g/L
Tri-kombi24D Ester 800g/L + Dicamba 40g/L + Mecoprop 336g/L

Group F
BrodalDiflufenican 500g/L
Norflurazon 800Norflurazon 800g/kg
SniperPicolinafen 750g/kg


6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

Diflufenican plus MCPA is an early post emergence, selective herbicide for control of a wide range of broadleaved plants in cereals and pastures. Both active ingredients are absorbed through the leaves and translocated throughout the plant. Diflufenican is also absorbed through the roots and provides short term residual control of some weeds close to emergence.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Best results in fine weather when soil is moist and rain a few days later.

Young actively growing weeds are most susceptible.

Usually applied by boom spray with water as a carrier.

Avoid drift onto hormone sensitive plants as these products contain MCPA.

Don't apply if frost is imminent and allow 5-7 days for plant growth to recover after frosts.

If residual control of weeds is required use higher rates or add more diflufenican.

8 WEATHER:

Rainfast in 4 hours.

Frost effects: Poorer results in frosty weather. This may include poorer weed control and increased crop damage or more persistent symptoms. Frost a day or two after spraying generally OK. Allow 5-7 days for plants to recover from last frost before spraying.

Wind: Spray when the wind is away from desirable hormone sensitive plants.

Inversions: Avoid spraying in inversion conditions if sensitive broad-leaved plants are within two kilometres.

Temperature:

Delta T and relative humidity: Avoid application when Delta T is greater than

9 ADJUVANTS:

Wetting agents: Generally not required. Addition may cause more crop symptoms.

Spray oils: Generally not required. Addition may cause more crop symptoms.

10 WATER QUALITY:

Hard water: May cause product to drop out of solution. Jar test before use.

Salty water: Storage time in spray tank may be less than 4 hours with salty water. Spray immediately after mixing.

Colloids: No specific effect.

pH: Don't use alkaline water or add an acidifier. Acidic water is OK.

Tank life: Apply within a few hours of mixing. Prolonged exposure to cold temperatures may result in the product settling out in the tank.

11 COMPATIBILITY:

Trace elements may drop the product out of solution. Jar test first.

Efficacy of diclofop-methyl is generally reduced by 5 - 10 % when mixed with diflufenican plus MCPA. Do NOT use more than 800 mL/ha of diflufenican plus MCPA when mixing with diclofop-methyl to minimize antagonism.

Group C soil residual herbicides such as simazine, atrazine and diuron can sensitise plants to diflufenican which can lead to better weed control but may also result in more damage to broad-leaved pasture species like clover. See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.

12 EQUIPMENT:

Boom sprays

Water volume: 30-1000 L/ha for boom sprays (70-100 L/ha is preferred). Use finer droplets with low water volumes to keep adequate coverage.

Flat fan nozzles at 150 - 400 kPa (21.5 - 60 psi) are commonly used (e.g. 110-01 to 110-03).

Hand sprays

Water volume: 500-1000 L/ha.

Aircraft

Water volume: 30 L/ha or more. Fine droplets are required to get adequate coverage on small weeds but this increases the level of drift.

13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:

Clean Up:

A boom cleaner is recommended to clean the boom at the end of diflufenican plus MCPA spraying to reduce the effects of solvents on rubber components in sprayers.

Remove filters and nozzles and manually clean separately. Rinse with boom cleaner and run through boom. Rinse with water.

Decontamination:

Remove filters and nozzles and manually clean then soak in 500 mL household ammonia in 10 L water for 30 minutes.

Rinse sprayer with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Fill with 1% solution of ammonia and leave for several hours. Triple rinse with water. Or use a commercial spray tank and equipment cleaner.

Rinse nozzles and filters in water and replace.

Don't use chlorine based cleaners.


14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:

Some populations of plants may be resistant or develop resistance after many applications.

15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:

CropTime
CanolaCultivate to dissipate herbicide before sowing

16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

CropTypeTime
AllHarvestNot required
AllGrazing7 days

17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:

Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.

18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield or goggles when handling the concentrate.

19 SOIL:

Best results when applied to moist soil.

More crop damage may occur under waterlogged conditions.

Poorer weed control when soil is dry. Very poor weed control when plants are drought stressed.

20 MODE OF ACTION:

The diflufenican component inhibits carotenoid synthesis resulting in white or bleached patches on green leaves.

The MCPA component disrupts plant cell growth and elongation resulting in distorted plant growth.

Uptake and translocation:

Diflufenican component is absorbed by roots and shoots and translocated throughout the plant.

MCPA component is absorbed through the leaves and translocated throughout the plant.

Physiological effects:

Residual Life and Breakdown:

Diflufenican component will provide about a months useful residual control of Brassica weeds like Wild Radish, Turnips, Mustards and Volunteer Canolas. Poor residual control can be expected under dry conditions, on non wetting soils, on high organic matter soils, where there has been poor coverage of the soil surface or where cultivation (or soil disturbance) after application.

The MCPA component has no useful residual activity.

21 SELECTIVITY:

Provides suppression of Dock, Paterson's Curse, Erodium, Doublegee and Chickweed in pastures if applied early in the season. Grazing 7 days after spraying generally improves control in pastures but high levels of Paterson's Curse, Capeweed or Variegated Thistle may cause stock poisoning.

Control of transplanted or stressed plants is usually poor.

Control of plants regenerating from rootstocks, rhizomes and bulbs is generally poor.

Crop tolerance:

Transient crop yellowing may occur which rarely results in yield loss unless other factors are also stressing the crop. Rates above 800 mL/ha applied before the 5 leaf stage of cereals may cause unacceptable damage.

Phalaris and Cocksfoot may have reduced production after application.

The tolerance of clover species can be variable. Winter production is often reduced after application. Application before the 8 leaf stage of clovers helps reduce this effect.

Group C soil residual herbicides such as simazine, atrazine and diuron that are in the soil from previous applications can sensitise plants to diflufenican which may result in more damage to broad-leaved pasture species like clover but also makes many broadleaf weeds more sensitive.

Varietal sensitivities:

Barley and Kulin Wheat may be damaged by label rates if applied before the 5 leaf stage.

Effect on Clover Species:

Arrowleaf (Zulu), Balansa (Paradana), Berseem (Sacromonte) and Persian (Kyambro, Lupers, Mural), Subterranean (Daliak, Dalkeith, Denmark, Esperance, Geraldton, Goulburn, Karridale, Larissa, Leura, Mount Barker, Nungarin, Rosedale, Seaton Park, Trikkala, Woogenellup) and White (Haifa) clovers have tolerated diflufenican plus MCPA well at rates up to 600 mL/ha. Clover seed production may be reduced in Woogenellup Subterranean Clover.

Rose and Strawberry clovers are usually damaged.

Damage to Clovers appears to be less when applied from the third to eighth trifoliate leaf stage.

Effect on Medic Species:

Medics are sensitive.

Effect on Lucerne:

Established Lucerne under cereals will generally survive applications. Lucerne has marginal tolerance.

Effect on Native Plants:

Most established native plants will tolerate low rates of diflufenican plus MCPA.

22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:

Crops stressed by disease or insect attack are more likely to be damaged.

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms usually take 5-10 days to appear. They include bleaching and striping of leaves often with a yellow spot surrounded by green leaf initially, distorted growth, cupping of leaves, curling of soft stems, stem splitting

SECONDARY EFFECTS:

Residual diflufenican in the soil may cause cotyledons of plants emerging after spraying to be yellowed or have a yellow eye-spot.

24 TOXICITY:

Summary:

Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

Irritating to skin.

Risk of serious eye damage.

The MCPA ester form in these products is generally less toxic than MCPA amine to mammals but more toxic to fish.

Dangerous to fish.

Details:

Poison schedule: S5

Mammalian toxicity:

Acute oral LD50: 1580 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]. Harmful if swallowed.

Acute dermal LD50: >2040 mg/kg (rabbit).

Skin: Slightly to moderately irritating (rabbit). Will irritate skin. Harmful in contact with skin. Repeated exposure to the solvent may cause skin dryness and cracking.

A similar product was a skin sensitiser in Guinea pigs.

Eye: Slightly irritating (rabbit). Will damage eyes.

Vapour inhalation: Diflufenican LC50 4 hour >5.12 mg/L air (rat). MCPA-2-ethyl hexyl ester LC50 4 hour >5.11 mg/L (rat). Harmful if inhaled. May irritate mucous membranes of the nose and throat. Vapours of the solvent may cause drowsiness and dizziness.

Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.

Diflufenican and MCPA are not carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic in animal studies. N-methl-2-pyrrolidone showed a developmental toxic effect at doses that were maternally toxic.

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):

Other Species:

MCPA 2-ethyl hexyl ester

Birds: Moderate toxicity. LC50 96 hour = 97-377 mg/kg for Bobwhite quail for MCPA technical.

Fish: Slight toxicity. LC50 96 hour = 117-232 mg/L for rainbow trout.

Invertebrates: Very low toxicity. LC50 >100 mg/L for Daphnia for MCPA technical.

Bees: Low toxicity. LD50 104 ug/bee

Arthropods: Very low toxicity.

Earthworms: Low toxicity.

Algae: Low toxicity. EC50 > 392 mg/L for Selenastrum capricornutum.

Diflufenican

Birds: toxicity. LD50 = >4000 mg/kg for mallard duck. LD50 >2150 mg/kg for quail.

Fish: toxicity. LC50 96 hour > 0.109 mg/L for rainbow trout.

Invertebrates: toxicity. EC50 48 hour >0.24 mg/L for Daphnia magna.

Bees: Low toxicity.

Arthropods: toxicity.

Earthworms: Low toxicity.

Algae: EC50 > 0.00025 mg/L for Scenedesmus subspicatus.

25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

For MCPA - headache, vomiting, diarrhoea, muscular twitching, lethargy, liver and kidney function disturbance. Large ingestions may cause stupor, central nervous system depression, coma and respiratory failure.

Solvents may cause bronchopneumonia or pulmonary oedema if inhaled or if vomit is inhaled.

26 FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED: Do NOT induce vomiting. Give a glass of water. Keep patient at rest. Seek medical advice. Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient.

If in EYES: Irrigate with plenty of water immediately and see a Doctor or ophthalmologist urgently as serious eye damage can occur.

If on SKIN: Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.

If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. If breathing stops apply artificial respiration and seek medical advice.

Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically. Will damage eyes and may irritate skin.

Product contains hydrocarbon solvent and liquid aspirated into lungs may cause bronchopneumonia or pulmonary oedema.

Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Half life in soil: DT50 for MCPA in soil <7 days after initial lag phase. Average half life for MCPA 2EHE is 24 days. DT50 for diflufenican is 15-30 weeks depending on soil type. Solvents are readily biodegradable.

Half life in water: days at pH5 and 35 C.

It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from

Ground water contamination: Does not accumulate in soil or water.

Accumulation in milk and tissues. Unlikely

pH stability:

Photolysis rate:

Hydrolysis half life:

Biodegradation rate: Does not accumulate in the environment.

28 REGISTERED CROPS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

29 REGISTERED WEEDS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:

UN number: 3082.

CAS numbers: MCPA ethyl hexyl ester 29450-45-1, Diflufenican 83164-33-4, Hydrocarbon solvent 90438-79-2, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone 872-50-4. Non ionic emulsifiers.

Hazchem code:

NOHSC classification: Hazardous.

Land transport:

Dangerous goods class: Not classed as a dangerous good.

Sea transport:

Proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (contains diflufenican, MCPA 2-ethyl hexyl ester) MARINE POLLUTANT.

Class: 9.

Packaging group: III

EPG:

31 PROPERTIES:

Colour: Clear dark brown liquid

Odour: Strong ester odour.

Form: Liquid, emulsifiable.

Empirical formula:

Water solubility: Emulsifies in water.

Oil solubility:

Octanol:Water ratio: Diflufenican LogPow = 4.2.

Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc):

Vapour Pressure: 0.34 kPa for solvent.

Dissociation constant: pKa

Melting point: C.

Boiling point: 176-200 C for the solvent.

Molecular weight:

Bulk density:

Specific gravity: 0.988 at 20 C.

pH:

Flammability: Combustible liquid. Class C1. LEL = 0.8. UEL = 6.7 Vol. % in air.

Flashpoint: 95 C. (which is the flashpoint for the hydrocarbon solvent.

Autoignition: 321 C for the hydrocarbon solvent.

Corrosivity: Solvents may affect some rubber components in sprayers. Clean equipment after spraying each day.

Shelf Life: 3 years.

(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)

Incompatible with acids, bases, oxidising and reducing agents. Rubber components may be affected by the solvents.

Hazardous reactions: May produce and exothermic reaction with strong acids or alkalis.

32 SPILLS:

Extinguish possible sources of ignition.

Absorb spill with earth, sand, clay or absorbent material.

Ventilate area after cleanup.

33 FIRE:

Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.

Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.

34 COMMENTS:

Plants such as Paterson's Curse, Capeweed and Variegated Thistle may become more palatable after spraying and cause stock losses.

35 REFERENCES:

Ashton, F.M. and Crafts, A.S. (1981) Mode of Action of Herbicides. (Wiley-Interscience publication).

Kearney, P.C. and Kaufman, D.D. (1976). Herbicides. Chemistry, degradation and mode of action. Vol 1 & 2.

Rhone Poulenc (1999) Tigrex label and MSDS

Bayer CropScience (2006) Giant label 53728/1206 and MSDS.

Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.