|1 Trade name||Manufacturer||Form|
|4FARMERS CLODINAFOP 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||4 FARMERS AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|AC TUSSEL SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||AXICHEM PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|ACP CLODINAFOP 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||AUSTRALIS CROP PROTECTION PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|Agsure Clodinafop 240 Herbicide||Elders Rural Services Australia Limited||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|AGVANTAGE CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||LANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|AKOPIC 240 EC HERBICIDE||AAKO AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|APPARENT CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||APPARENT PTY. LTD.||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|AW INVEST 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||AGRI WEST PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|CHOICE CLODINAFOP 240EC HERBICIDE||GROW CHOICE PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|CLODIN 240EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||ECHEM (AUST) PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|CONQUEST SNOOKER 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||CONQUEST CROP PROTECTION PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|CURRENT 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||UPL AUSTRALIA LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|EASYFARM CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||EASYFARM PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|EZYCROP CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||EZYCROP PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|FARMALINX WILDMAN 240 EC HERBICIDE||FARMALINX PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|Foison Clodinafop-Propargyl 240EC Herbicide||Foison Scitech Co., Limited||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|GENFARM CLODINAFOP 240EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||LANDMARK OPERATIONS LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|IMTRADE SUBJECT 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||IMTRADE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|KENSO AGCARE TOKEN 240 SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||KENSO CORPORATION (M) SDN. BHD.||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|MANDATE HERBICIDE||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|Mandate XTRA Herbicide||ADAMA AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|NOVAGUARD CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||NOVAGUARD PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|OPAL CLODINAFOP 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||OPAL AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|OZCROP CLODINAFOP HERBICIDE||OZCROP PTY. LTD.||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|RAINBOW CLODINAFOP 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||SHANDONG RAINBOW INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD.||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|RYGEL CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||PROFENG AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|SINOCHEM CONVEX 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||SINOCHEM AGRO CO., LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|Subject 240EC Herbicide||RURALCO HOLDINGS LIMITED||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|TITAN CLODINAFOP 240 EC HERBICIDE||TITAN AG PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|TOPIK 240 EC SELECTIVE HERBICIDE||SYNGENTA AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
|TREND HERBICIDE||SIPCAM PACIFIC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE|
3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Clodinafop-propargyl 240g/L4 CHEMICAL GROUP: A
5 RELATED HERBICIDES:Correct (propaquizafop), Fusion (butroxydim + fluazifop)
|Butroxydim 250||Butroxydim 250g/kg (or 500g/kg)|
|Diclofop-methyl||Diclofop methyl 375g/L|
|Diclofop-methyl||Diclofop methyl 500g/L|
|Fluazifop||Fluazifop-p 212g/L or kg|
|Haloxyfop 520||Haloxyfop 520 g/L (or900g/L)|
|Motsa||Clethodim 200g/L + haloxyfop 50 g/L|
|Pinoxaden 100||Pinoxaden 100g/L|
|Puma||Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl 76g/L + mefenpyr 18.8 g/L|
|Quizalofop||Quizalofop-p-ethyl(or tefuryl) 99.5g/L|
|Topik 240 EC||Clodinafop-propargyl 240g/L|
|Tralkoxydim 400||Tralkoxydim 400g/kg|
6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:Clodinafop is a selective and translocated herbicide that is absorbed through leaves. Its main use is for controlling annual ryegrass, wild oats and Phalaris species in wheat. Toxicity to mammals and birds is low but it is toxic to fish. In land environments it presents few environmental hazards because of its low mobility in soil, low volatility, low toxicity and quick degradation in soil and water. Plants are likely to become resistant to Clodinafop after repeated applications. Cloquintocet is a safener added to reduce the phytotoxicity of clodinafop on wheat. It has no useful residual action on grass weeds. Residues are undetectable 4 weeks after spraying.
7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:Clodinafop is normally applied in water with spraying oils as a post-emergence spray by boom sprays or aircraft. It is most effective when applied to actively growing plants. Plants under drought stress are very difficult to kill with Clodinafop. Grasses in the two leaf stage are more susceptible to Clodinafop than older or younger plants.
MixingOne quarter fill tank. Add herbicide to incoming water stream and agitate. Add oils and wetting agent when tank is nearly full and agitate.
11 COMPATIBILITY:Hormonal herbicides such as 2,4-D are antagonistic. 2,4-D decreases the conversion to the active acid form, decreases translocation of Clodinafop, increases the rate of detoxification and competes at the fatty acid synthesis level. Plants treated with 2,4-D up to two weeks before or after Clodinafop application may less susceptible to Clodinafop. MCPA antagonism is different and appears to be caused by reactions outside the plant.
14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:Ryegrass and wild oats that are tolerant to Clodinafop occur naturally at low levels. After four or five annual applications of Clodinafop a significant level Clodinafop tolerance would be expected if no other form of weed control was practiced.
17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:Wear protective clothing until the spray has dried.
20 MODE OF ACTION:Uptake and translocation:
Physiological effects:Cell division and elongation are stopped resulting in the stunted appearance of treated plants. Membranes are disrupted giving a 'water soaked' appearance. Fatty acid synthesis is stopped resulting in the death of growing tips, hence leaves of treated grasses can be easily pulled from their sheaths. Plants tolerant to Clodinafop appear to have a different fatty acid synthesis mechanism and degrade Clodinafop more quickly and do not convert as much of the ester to the active acid form. Cloquintocet mexyl is a safener that protects wheat from clodinafop.
Residual Life and Breakdown:Selectivity:
PLANT SYMPTOMSAnnual ryegrass and wild oats stop growing within 48 hours of application. The leaves take on a water soaked or oily appearance within a few days. One to three weeks later, leaves loose their green colour and become yellow or redden. They may be easily pulled from their sheaths before dying due to decay at the nodes and growing points. Plants that recover have reduced root systems.
SECONDARY EFFECTS:24 TOXICITY:
25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:Repeated exposure may cause allergic responses.
26 FIRST AID:Contact Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26
27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:Clodinafop is strongly adsorbed on soils and remains in the upper profile. Its low solubility provides little risk for movement into ground water under normal conditions. The acid breakdown product of Clodinafop has more potential for leaching in sandy soils but is unlikely to be significant because of it rapid breakdown. In soil, microbes break down Topik. Clodinafop with a half life of a few hours and cloquintocet-mexyl has a half life of a few days. In aquatic environments, Topik rapidly hydrolyses to the acid form which is absorbed by the sediment or forms carbon dioxide. Environmental exposure will principally involve the soil because of its water solubility and vapour pressure is low.
31 PROPERTIES:Water solubility at 25 oC. - Emulsifiable.
33 REFERENCES:Label 49344/1297
Acknowledgments:Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.