Whiteflower Fumitory Fumaria capreolata L. ssp. capreolata
Family: - Fumariaceae.
Fumaria is from the Latin fumus terrae meaning smoke of the earth and may refers to the smoky odour of some species in this genus or the smoky colour of some species when in flower.
Rampant Fumitory (NZ).
A hairless, climbing, weak stemmed annual vine with much divided leaves and small white flowers with blackish-red tipped petals in winter and spring.
Petiole - Yes.
Blade - Bright green, 2-3 times divided almost to the midrib into egg shaped to triangular segments, 5-15 mm long, usually 3 lobed. Hairless.
Robust, climbing, trailing, angular, up to 1000 mm long. Hairless.
Raceme of up to 20 flowers that is shorter than the flower head stalk which is 150-500 mm long.
Somewhat tubular and narrow, 10 mm long by 2 mm wide. On stalks 4-5 mm long that bend down as the fruit matures.
Bracts - underneath flower are, narrowly egg shaped, 4-5 mm long, white with a darker mid-vein and narrowly egg shaped. They bend downwards as the fruit matures.
Ovary - Thread like style with 2 stigmas.
Sepals - 2, scale-like, flat, egg shaped, 4-6.5 long by 2-3 mm wide, usually with toothed edges.
Petals - 2 pairs, 9-12 mm long, . Usually white, rarely pinkish. Wings of upper petal and tip of inner petal blackish red to purple. Lower petal very narrow. Upper petal spurred or pouched. Hairless. Petals close together at their tips.
Stamens - 6. Opposite outer petals. Joined by their filaments into 2 bundles.
Anthers - 2 sets of 3. The middle one has 2 cells the outer ones have 1 cell.
Nut like achene or capsule with one seed. Smooth, globular, 2 mm diameter, obscurely keeled. On a downward curving stalk.
Whitish flowers with dark tips about 9-12 mm long with recurved pedicels and in loose racemes. Fruit indehiscent, smooth, obscurely keeled.
Annual. Flowers from July to November.
Spring in western NSW.
August to November in SA.
July to October in Perth.
August to November in south west WA
Seed Biology and Germination:
May hybridize with Wall Fumitory (Fumaria muralis).
Population Dynamics and Dispersal:
Origin and History:
NSW, QLD, SA, VIC, WA.
Weed of cultivated areas, cereals, forage legumes, disturbed areas, shrub lands, granite outcrops and gardens.
Suspected of poisoning stock.
Management and Control:
Bastard's Fumitory (Fumaria bastardii)
Common Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis)
Denseflower Fumitory (Fumaria densiflora)
Indian Fumitory (Fumaria indica)
Smallflower Fumitory (Fumaria parviflora)
Wall Fumitory (Fumaria muralis)
Plants of similar appearance:
Bleeding heart is an ornamental in the same genus.
Carrot weed has similar leaves but yellow flowers.
Erodium and Storksbill have similar leaves but with hairs, the flowers are blue and they have corkscrew fruit.
Auld, B.A. and Medd R.W. (1992). Weeds. An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne). P172-173. Photo.
Black, J.M. (1965). Flora of South Australia. (Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia). P368.
Cunningham, G.M., Mulham, W.E., Milthorpe, P.L. and Leigh, J.H. (1992). Plants of Western New South Wales. (Inkata Press, Melbourne). P314. Photo.
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd, S.G. (1997). Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. (Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia). P164. Photo.
Lamp, C. and Collet, F. (1990). A Field Guide to Weeds in Australia. (Inkata Press, Melbourne).
Lazarides, M. and Hince, B. (1993). CSIRO handbook of economic plants of Australia. (CSIRO, Melbourne). #563.2.
Marchant, N.G., Wheeler, J.R., Rye, B.L., Bennett, E.M., Lander, N.S. and Macfarlane, T.D. (1987). Flora of the Perth Region. (Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Agriculture, Western Australia). P65, 69. Diagram.
Collated by HerbiGuide. Phone 08 98444064 or www.herbiguide.com.au for more information.