X-Pand

1 Trade nameManufacturerForm
TURZINE-PRO HERBICIDEDOW AGROSCIENCES AUSTRALIA LIMITEDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE
X-PAND HERBICIDEDOW AGROSCIENCES AUSTRALIA LIMITEDWATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE


2 PRICE:

$193.6/kg


3 ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: Florasulam 40g/kg + Isoxaben 610g/kg

4 CHEMICAL GROUP: B,O

5 RELATED HERBICIDES:

BensulfuronBensulfuron 600g/kg
BroadstrikeFlumetsulam 800g/kg
CasoronDichlobenil 67.5g/kg (or 40g/kg)
ChlorsulfuronChlorsulfuron 750g/kg
CrusaderPyroxsulam 30g/L + cloquintocet-mexyl 90g/L
EclipseMetosulam 100g/L
EclipseMetosulam 714g/kg
EthoxysulfuronEthoxysulfuron 600g/kg
ExpressTribenuron methyl 750g/kg
FlameImazapic 240g/L
GalleryIsoxaben 750 g/kg
Harmony MMetsulfuron 68g/kg + thifensulfuron-methyl 682g/kg
Imazapic plus ImazapyrImazapic 525 + Imazapyr 175g/L
ImazapyrImazapyr 250g/L or 750g/kg
IntervixImazamox 33g/L + imazapyr 15g/L
Iodosulfuron 100Iodosulfuron 100g/kg
Iodosulfuron plus mefenpyrIodosulfuron 100g/L + mefenpyr
LightningImazapyr 175g/L + imazethapyr 525g/L
Logran 750Triasulfuron 750g/kg
Mesosulfuron 30Mesosulfuron 30g/L
Metsulfuron-methylMetsulfuron 600g/kg
MusterEthametsulfuron-methyl 750g/kg
Raptor WG 700Imazamox 700 g/kg
SempraHalosulfuron 750g/kg
SpinnakerImazethapyr 700g/kg or 240g/L
SulfometuronSulfometuron 750g/kg
SulfosulfuronSulfosulfuron 750g/kg
TitusRimsulfuron 250g/kg
TrifloxysulfuronTrifloxysulfuron 750g/kg


6 GENERAL DESCRIPTION:

A selective, translocated herbicide for post emergent control of broad leaved weeds in grasses.

7 APPLICATION METHODS AND TIPS:

Best results on young actively growing weeds.

Use 0.5 to 1% spray oil.

8 WEATHER:

Rainfast in 3 hours.

Frost effects:

Wind:

Inversions:

Temperature:

Delta T and relative humidity: Avoid application when Delta T is greater than

Soil moisture at application:

9 ADJUVANTS:

Wetting agents: Use a wetting agent if tank mix partners are not compatible with spray oils.

Spray oils: Apply with a spray oil. Uptake at 0.5% is recommended on the label.

10 WATER QUALITY:

Hard water:

Salty water:

Colloids:

pH:

Tank life: 1-2 days.

11 COMPATIBILITY:

Trace elements.

See HerbiGuide Compatibilities button.

12 EQUIPMENT:

Boom sprays:

Carrier volume: 50-100 L/ha recommended on label. If using lower rates then ensure good coverage is still being achieved.

Nozzles: Flat fan. Medium droplet spray recommended on label. If using lower water rates and drift is an issue, use a finer spray.

Pressure: 150-400 kPa.

13 SPRAYER DECONTAMINATION:

Clean Up:

Clean soon after spraying to reduce the risk of forming dried deposits that may be difficult to remove.

Remove filters and clean separately. Rinse with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Rinse with water.

Decontamination:

Remove filters and clean then soak in 500 mL household ammonia in 10 L water for 30 minutes.

Rinse sprayer with soapy water (eg 500 mL or g of Drive, Dynamo, Omo or Surf per 100 L water) or water plus 0.25% wetting agent and run through boom. Fill with 1% solution of ammonia and leave for several hours. Triple rinse with water. Or use a commercial spray tank and equipment cleaner.

Rinse nozzles and filters in water and replace.

Don't use chlorine based cleaners.

14 HERBICIDE RESISTANCE:

Tolerant plants are expected to occur and may dominate the weed population after repeated applications.

15 REPLANTING INTERVALS:

CropTime
All broad leaved cropsNext season on label (e.g. 9 months).

16 WITHHOLDING PERIODS:

CropTypeTime
BarleyGrazing6 weeks
BarleyHarvestNot required
TriticaleGrazing6 weeks
TriticaleHarvestNot required
WheatGrazing6 weeks
WheatHarvestNot required

17 RE-ENTRY PERIOD:

Wear protective clothing if in contact with the crop before the spray has dried.

18 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING:

Overalls, boots and washable hat. Use gloves and face shield when handling the concentrate.

19 SOIL:

20 MODE OF ACTION:

Uptake and translocation:

Physiological effects:

Residual Life and Breakdown:

21 SELECTIVITY:

Crop tolerance:

Varietal sensitivities:

Effect on Clover Species:

Damages clover.

Effect on Medic Species:

Damages medics

Effect on Lucerne:

Damages lucerne.

Effect on Native Plants:

22 DISEASE AND INSECT EFFECTS:

23 PLANT SYMPTOMS:

SECONDARY EFFECTS:

24 TOXICITY:

Summary:

Low mammalian toxicity. Toxic to aquatic plants.

Details:

Poison schedule: S5.

Mammalian toxicity:

Acute oral LD50: 5000 mg/kg (rat), [For comparison table salt is 3000 mg/kg]

Acute dermal LD50: > 5000 mg/kg (rabbit).

Skin: Slight irritant with prolonged exposure.

Eye: Moderate irritant which may be slow to heal. May cause slight temporary corneal injury.

Vapour inhalation: LC50 > mg/L air (rat).

Chronic oral toxicity: NOEL mg/kg for two years.

Isoxaben has caused non malignant liver tumours in animal tests. Not mutagenic. Isoxaben has caused birth defects and interferes with reproduction at levels which are toxic to the mother in animal studies

Liver and kidney effects have occurred in animal studies

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI):

Other Species:

Birds: Florasulam is slightly toxic to birds with LD50 of 500 to <2000 mg/kg. Isoxaben is practically non toxic to birds with LD50 >2000 mg/kg.

Fish: Low toxicity LC50 >100 mg/L.

Invertebrates: Low toxicity. EC50 >100 mg/L

Bees: Practically non toxic.

Arthropods: toxicity.

Earthworms:

Algae: Very toxic. IC50 <1 mg/L.

Accumulation: Not expected to bioaccumulate. Bioconcentration factor (BCF) is <100.

25 TOXICITY SYMPTOMS:

26 FIRST AID:

If SWALLOWED: Do NOT give anything by mouth to a semiconscious or unconscious patient. No emergency treatment is necessary.

If in EYES: Irrigate with plenty of water. Remove contact lenses and irrigate for 15 minutes. See a doctor.

If on SKIN: Rinse with plenty of water, remove contaminated clothing, wash with soap and water.

If INHALED: Remove patient to fresh air. See a doctor if symptoms develop.

Advice to doctor: Treat symptomatically.

Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126.

27 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE:

Half life in soil: Isoxaben 150-180 days with mainly microbial degradation.
 Florasulam half life in soil is 2-18 days.
Half life in water: Florasulam 9-29 days.

It has an EPA classification for soil mobility that ranges from

Ground water contamination: Florasulam and Isoxaben has no significant leaching so is unlikely to contaminate ground water.

Accumulation in milk and tissues.

pH stability:

Photolysis rate:

Hydrolysis half life:

Biodegradation rate:

28 REGISTERED CROPS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

29 REGISTERED WEEDS:

See HerbiGuide Species Solution tab.

30 REGULATION AND LEGAL:

UN number: UN3082.

CAS numbers: Florasulam 145701-23-1. Isoxaben 082558-50-7.

Hazchem code: 2X.

NOHSC classification: Hazardous. Irritating to eyes and skin.

Land transport:

Dangerous goods class (ADG): Not a classified as a dangerous good.

Sea transport:

Proper shipping name: ENVIRONMENTALL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, N.O.S.

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG):

Class: 9.

Packaging group: III

EPG:

31 PROPERTIES:

Colour: Tan granule.

Odour: Mild.

Form: Granular solid.

Chemical name:

IUPAC

Empirical formula:

Water solubility: Disperses in water.

Oil solubility:

Octanol:Water ratio: LogPow = <3.

Soil organic carbon absorption coefficient (Koc):

Vapour Pressure: Isoxaben 55 x 10-4 mPa at 25 C. Florasulam 1 x 10-5 Pa at 25 0C.

Dissociation constant: pKa

Melting point: C.

Boiling point: C.

Molecular weight:

Bulk density:

Specific gravity:

pH: 6.1 (1% aqueous suspension).

Flammability: LFL 1.10 kg/m3. UFL not applicable. Not combustible.

Flashpoint: Not applicable.

Autoignition: 415-420 0C.

Corrosivity:

Shelf Life: 3 years.

(When Stored under Ideal Conditions)

32 SPILLS:

Sweep up and bury or dispose in a chemical disposal area.

Residues may be cleaned with water plus detergent.

33 FIRE:

Extinguish with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent.

Toxic fumes may be released in fire. Wear breathing apparatus or avoid smoke.

34 COMMENTS:

35 REFERENCES:

Dow AgroSciences (2006). X-Pand MSDS 4/7/2006.

Dow AgroSciences (2007). X-Pand Label 61235-0907


Acknowledgments:

Collated by HerbiGuide. For more information see www.herbiguide.com.au or phone 08 98444064.